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Taking of evidence in civil and commercial matters
The aim of this Regulation is to improve, simplify and accelerate cooperation between Member States as regards the taking of evidence in legal proceedings in civil and commercial matters.
Council Regulation (EC) No 1206/2001 of 28 May 2001 on cooperation between the courts of the Member States in the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters.
The Regulation makes it easier to take evidence in another Member State. It applies in civil and commercial matters where the court of a Member State:
- requests the competent court of another Member State to obtain evidence;
- requests to gather evidence themselves in another Member State.
The request should be made to obtain evidence which is intended for use in judicial proceedings, commenced or contemplated.
Denmark is not participating in this Regulation.
Direct transmission between the courts
Member States must draw up a list of the courts authorised to obtain evidence and indicate their territorial and/or special jurisdiction. Requests are directly transmitted by the court before which the proceedings are taking place or are planned (the 'requesting court') to the court of the Member State gathering evidence (the 'requested court').
Each Member State is to designate a central authority responsible for:
- supplying information to the courts;
- seeking solutions to any difficulties regarding transmission;
- forwarding, in exceptional cases, a request to the competent court.
Form and content of the request
The request must be lodged using the form specified in this Regulation, and must contain certain details, such as the name and address of the parties to the proceedings, the nature and subject matter of the case, a description of the taking of evidence to be performed, etc.
The Regulation lays down that requests must be drafted in the official language of the Member State of the requested court or in any other language that the requested Member State has indicated it can accept.
Requests are executed in accordance with the law of the requested Member State. The request must be executed within ninety days of receipt.
The execution of a request may be refused only if:
- the request does not fall within the scope of the Regulation (if, for instance, it concerns criminal and not civil or commercial proceedings);
- the execution of the request does not fall within the functions of the judiciary;
- the request is incomplete;
- a person of whom a hearing has been requested claims a right to refuse, or a prohibition, from giving evidence;
- a deposit or advance relating to the costs of consulting an expert has not been made.
Where a request is refused, the requested court must notify the requesting court within sixty days of receipt of the request.
If permitted by the law of the Member State of the requesting court, representatives of the requesting court have the right to be present when the requested court undertakes the legal act requested. The parties and, if any, their representatives may also be present.
The Regulation does not preclude two or more Member States from concluding or maintaining agreements aimed at expediting or simplifying the execution of a request for the performance of judicial acts.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
Regulation (EC) No 1206/2001
OJ L 174, 27.6.2001