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Justice, freedom and security
The area of freedom, security and justice was created to ensure the free movement of persons and to offer a high level of protection to citizens. It covers policy areas that range from the management of the European Union’s external borders to judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters. It includes asylum and immigration policies, police cooperation, and the fight against crime (terrorism, organised crime, trafficking in human beings, drugs, etc.).
The creation of the area of freedom, security and justice is based on the Tampere (1999-04), Hague (2004-09) and Stockholm (2010-14) programmes. It derives from Title V of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which regulates the “Area of freedom, security and justice”.
Free movement of persons, asylum and immigration
The Schengen area and cooperation, Schengen Information System, Free movement of European citizens within the Union, Penetrating external borders, Visas, Asylum, Immigration, Rights of non-EU country nationals, Illegal immigration, Return, Relations with non-EU countries
Judicial cooperation in civil matters
Civil and commercial rights, European contract law, Law applicable to contractual obligations, Non-contractual obligations, Judicial network in criminal and civil matters, Jurisdiction, Recognition and enforcement of decisions, Maintenance obligations
Judicial cooperation in criminal matters
Eurojust, European network of points of contact, Mutual recognition, European arrest warrant, War crimes
Police and customs cooperation
Police cooperation, Europol, Maintaining public order and safety, Customs cooperation, Agreements with non-EU countries
Citizenship of the Union
Active citizenship of the Union, Municipal elections: the right to vote and to stand, European elections: the right to vote and to stand, Diplomatic and consular protection
Combating racism, xenophobia and antisemitism, Gender equality, Social measures for target groups
Fight against terrorism
Prevention, Finance, Protection, Pursuit, Response, Access to and exchange of information, Action plans
Fight against organised crime
Fight against organised crime, Prevention of criminality, Gun running, Cybercrime, Money laundering, Environmental protection, Economic and financial criminality
Fight against trafficking in human beings
Experts group on trafficking in human beings, Child protection, Protection of women
Anti-drug strategy, Drug trafficking, Drug production
Justice, freedom and security: enlargement
Enlargement, Applicant countries and the Community acquis