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Installation of tyres

This Regulation establishes requirements for EC type-approval of the installation of tyres for motor vehicles. The aim is to adapt existing requirements to developments in scientific and technical knowledge.


Commission Regulation (EU) No 458/2011 of 12 May 2011 concerning type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers with regard to the installation of their tyres and implementing Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning type-approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles, their trailers and systems, components and separate technical units intended therefor (Text with EEA relevance).


This Regulation defines the requirements applying to the EC type-approval of the installation of tyres for motor vehicles of categories M, N and O, namely:

  • motor vehicles designed and built for the carriage of passengers and having at least four wheels;
  • motor vehicles intended and built for the transportation of goods and having at least four wheels;
  • trailers.

This Regulation implements Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 on the general safety of motor vehicles.

Requirements relating to the assembly of tyres

In accordance with the Regulation on the general safety of motor vehicles, tyres are classified into three categories, namely C1, C2 and C3.

All tyres must be fitted to the vehicle and have the same structure, except temporary-use spare tyres *.

The space in which the wheel revolves shall allow for unrestricted movement of tyres and rims.

Tyres fitted to vehicles have maximum load ratings and must bear a speed category symbol.

If a vehicle has a spare wheel, it must belong to one of two categories:

  • a standard spare unit in the same size as the tyres fitted to the vehicle;
  • a temporary-use spare unit of a type suitable for use on the vehicle.

Provisions concerning EC type-approval

The vehicle manufacturer must submit an application for EC type-approval to the competent authority. This application must contain certain information, in particular:

  • the make and type of vehicle;
  • number of axles and wheels;
  • for tyres:
    1. size designation,
    2. load capacity index,
    3. speed category symbol,
    4. rolling resistance coefficient.

If the competent authority considers that the vehicle complies with all the requirements laid down in respect of the assembly of tyres, it delivers EC type-approval and assigns a type-approval number in accordance with Directive 2007/46/EC.

Key terms of the Act
  • Temporary-use spare tyre: a temporary-use spare tyre designed for use at inflation pressures higher than those established for standard and reinforced tyres.


ActEntry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal

Regulation (EU) No 458/2011



OJ L 124, 13.5.2011

Last updated: 25.07.2011
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