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Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles

Internal market

Technical harmonisation for motor vehicles, implemented at Community level pursuant to Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), is based on the Community's WVTA (whole vehicle type-approval) system.
Under this system, manufacturers can obtain certification for a vehicle type in one Member State if it meets the harmonised technical requirements and then market it EU-wide with no need for further tests.
Total technical harmonisation has already been achieved in different vehicle categories (passenger cars, motorcycles, agricultural and forestry tractors, utility vehicles, coaches, moped and motorcycle trailers) and will soon be extended to other vehicle categories (other types of tractors and trailers).
It is essential that European car manufacturers be ensured access to as large a market as possible. While the Community type-approval system allows manufacturers to benefit fully from the opportunities offered by the internal market, worldwide technical harmonisation in the context of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) offers them a market which extends beyond European borders.

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