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Statistics on tourism

Tourism plays a crucial role in creating growth and jobs in the European Union (EU). The sector has seen many changes since the implementation of Directive 95/57/EC on the collection of statistical information. The European Commission needs data that reflects current realities in the field of tourism. This Regulation therefore establishes a common framework for the collection of such data.

ACT

Regulation (EU) No 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2011 concerning European statistics on tourism and repealing Council Directive 95/57/EC (Text with EEA relevance).

SUMMARY

This Regulation aims at introducing a common framework for the development, production and dissemination of European statistics on tourism. It forms part of the provisions of the Regulation on European statistics.

The role of the Member States is to collect, draw up, process and transmit harmonised statistics on supply and demand in tourism.

What sort of data do the Member States have to collect?

Member States have to collect data relating to internal tourism * in terms of the capacity of tourist accommodation establishments *. Information enabling the capacity of accommodation establishments to be determined includes:

  • number of establishments;
  • number of bed places;
  • number of rooms.

Some of these variables are collected at regional NUTS level 2 and apply to:

  • the type of accommodation (hotels, tourist accommodation, camping grounds);
  • the type of locality (densely populated, intermediate or thinly populated areas, coastal or non-coastal areas);
  • size (small, medium-sized or large establishments).

Member States also have to collect data on the number of establishments having one or more bedrooms accessible for persons with reduced mobility, including wheelchair users.

Variables relating to the occupancy of establishments concern the number of overnight stays and arrivals of residents and non-residents, as well as the occupancy rate of bedrooms and bed places. Some of these variables are collected at regional NUTS level 2 and apply to:

  • the type of accommodation (hotels, tourist accommodation, camping grounds);
  • the type of locality (densely populated, intermediate or thinly populated areas, coastal or non-coastal areas);
  • size (small, medium-sized or large establishments);
  • countries and geographical areas.

Member States may also collect data relating to internal tourism in non-rented accommodation *, namely the number of tourism nights spent by residents and non-residents in non-rented accommodation.

In addition, Member States collect data concerning national tourism * in terms of tourist demand for participation in tourism and the characteristics of trips. This data is based on variables including the duration and destination of trips for personal purposes, and socio-demographic data such as age group, education level, employment situation, etc.

Member States also compile triennial data presenting the main reasons for non-participation in tourism for personal purposes (financial reasons, lack of time, health reasons, etc.).

Variables concerning the trip itself must also be transmitted, namely:

  • the month of departure;
  • the duration of the trip;
  • destination;
  • the purpose of the trip;
  • means of transport;
  • means of accommodation;
  • expenditure;
  • profile of the visitor.

Lastly, Member States collect data on national tourism in terms of tourism demand concerning the characteristics of same-day visits within the Member State or abroad. This data is based on variables relating to:

  • the number of same-day visits (for personal or professional reasons);
  • expenditure;
  • the destination country (visits abroad);
  • the socio-demographic information described above.

Once a year, Member States send Eurostat a report on the quality of data collected. Eurostat has to create and update a methodological manual containing guidelines on the statistics produced.

What sort of programmes have to be implemented?

The Commission wishes Member States to put in place pilot programmes (on a voluntary basis) in order to prepare the development, production and dissemination of harmonised tables for tourism satellite accounts. The Commission also intends to draw up a programme of pilot studies to determine the effects of tourism on the environment.

This Regulation repeals Directive 95/57/EC.

Key terms of the Act
  • Domestic tourism: visits within a Member State by visitors who are residents of that Member State.
  • Inbound tourism: visits to a Member State by visitors who are not residents of that Member State.
  • Outbound tourism: visits by residents of a Member State outside that Member State.
  • National tourism: domestic and outbound tourism.
  • Internal tourism: domestic and inbound tourism.
  • Tourist accommodation establishment: a local kind-of-activity unit providing short-stay accommodation services as a paid service.
  • Non-rented accommodation: accommodation provided without charge by family or friends, and accommodation in owner-occupied vacation homes, including time share properties.

REFERENCE

ActEntry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Regulation (EU) No 692/2011

11.8.2011

-

OJ L 192 of 22.7.2011

Last updated: 06.10.2011

See also

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