Export of cultural goods
In order to protect European cultural goods, this regulation ensures that uniform controls are performed upon their export outside the customs territory of the European Union (EU) with the help of export licences.
Council Regulation (EC) No 116/2009 of 18 December 2008 on the export of cultural goods.
The regulation provides rules for the export of cultural goods with a view to their protection. It ensures that uniform controls are carried out on these exports at the external borders of the European Union (EU). The categories of cultural objects to which the regulation applies are listed in Annex I.
An export licence must be presented when a cultural good is exported outside the customs territory of the EU. The exporter must request such a licence, which is issued by the competent EU country authority. It is valid throughout the Union. An EU country may refuse an export licence if the goods are protected by legislation on national treasures of artistic, historical or archaeological value. Under certain circumstances, an EU country may permit exports of certain cultural goods without a licence.
The export licence must be presented together with the export declaration at the competent customs office when the customs export formalities are being completed. EU countries may limit the number of customs offices competent for the formalities relating to cultural goods.
With a view to implementing this regulation, national administrative authorities are to provide each other with mutual assistance as well as cooperate with the Commission. Furthermore, cooperation must be established between EU countries’ customs and competent authorities.
EU countries must establish effective, proportionate and dissuasive penalties for infringements of the regulation.
Since its adoption, Regulation (EEC) No 3911/92 of 9 December 1992 on the export of cultural goods has been amended on several occasions. For reasons of rationality and clarity, it is repealed in order to be replaced by the current regulation.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EC) No 116/2009||
OJ L 39 of 10.2.2009