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Common system of taxation: mergers, divisions, transfers of assets, exchanges of shares and transfer of the registered office of an SE or SCE
Council Directive 2009/133/EC of 19 October 2009 on the common system of taxation applicable to mergers, divisions, partial divisions, transfers of assets and exchanges of shares concerning companies of different Member States and to the transfer of the registered office of an SE or SCE between Member States.
This Directive applies to:
- mergers, divisions, transfers of assets and exchanges of shares in which companies from two or more Member States are involved;
- the transfer of the registered office between Member States of a Societas Europaea (European Company) (SE) or a European Cooperative Society (SCE).
Rules applicable to mergers, divisions, partial divisions, transfers of assets and exchanges of shares
A merger, division or partial division does not give rise to any taxation of capital gains -calculated by reference to the difference between the real values of the assets and liabilities transferred and their values for tax purposes - at the time of the operation in question but only when such gains are actually realized.
Member States are required to take the necessary measures to ensure that provisions or reserves partly or wholly exempt from tax may be carried over by the permanent establishments of the receiving company which are situated in the Member State of the transferring company.
The allotment of securities representing the capital of the receiving or acquiring company to a shareholder of the transferring or acquired company must not give rise to any taxation of the income, profits or capital gains of that shareholder.
Special case of the transfer of a stable establishment
Where the assets transferred in a merger, a division or a transfer of assets include a permanent establishment of the transferring company which is situated in a Member State other than that of the transferring company, the Member State of the transferring company must renounce any right to tax that permanent establishment.
Special case of transparent entities
Where a Member State considers a non-resident transferring or acquired company to be fiscally transparent, it is not required to apply the provisions of this Directive when taxing a direct or indirect shareholder of that company in respect of the income, profits or capital gains of that company.
Rules applicable to the transfer of the registered office of an SE or SCE
Where an SE or an SCE transfers its registered office from one Member State to another or becomes resident in another Member State, that transfer shall not give rise to any taxation of the income, profits or capital gains of the shareholders. However, Member States may tax the gain arising out of the subsequent transfer of the securities representing the capital of the SE or of the SCE that transfers its registered office.
In the same case, Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that, where provisions or reserves properly constituted by the SE or the SCE before the transfer of the registered office are partly or wholly exempt from tax and are not derived from permanent establishments abroad, such provisions or reserves may be carried over, with the same tax exemption, by a permanent establishment of the SE or the SCE which is situated within the territory of the Member State from which the registered office was transferred.
This Directive repeals Directive 90/434/EC.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
OJ L 310, 25.11.2009