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Institutional affairs

Institutional affairs

The European Union is both a political project and a legal organisation. It takes action in numerous areas affecting the daily lives of European citizens. The policies of the European Union are implemented in accordance with the rules and procedures set out in the Treaties.
The European Union consists of 27 Member States which have, through various Treaties, delegated certain powers to the Community institutions. The European Union thus has its own exclusive powers and others which it shares with its Member States. The Member States have also retained certain reserved powers.

  • Building europe through the treaties
    The EEC, ECSC and EURATOM treaties, Single Act, Treaty of Maastricht, Treaty of Amsterdam, Treaty of Nice, European Convention, CIG 2003/2004, Draft Constitution.
  • The institutions, bodies and agencies of the union
    European Parliament, Council of the European Union, European Commission, Court of Justice, European Court of Auditors, Status of officials, Consultative bodies, Financial agencies, European mediator, European controller of data protection, Interinstitutional agencies, Decentralised agencies.
  • The decision-making process and the work of the institutions
    Decision-making process, legislative procedure, budgetary procedure, Community legal order, secondary legislation, activities of the institutions, governance, Community legislation, publication, transparency, access to documents, enforcement of Community legislation, comitology.
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