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Information technologies, and especially the Internet and mobile telephony, have enabled the development of the Information Society. This sector represents nearly 4 % of employment in the European Union (EU). The EU intends to promote the development and dissemination of new information and communication technologies (ICT), in accordance with Articles 179 to 180 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The EU completed the liberalisation of the European telecommunications market in 1998. This framework has since been reformed twice: in 2003 and 2009.
The 2009 “Telecoms Package” aims to ensure fair competition between the telecommunications operators.
Current general legal framework
Regulatory framework. Competition.
Digital Strategy, i2010 Strategy, eEurope Action Plan, Digital Strategy Programmes
Digital Strategy. I2010 Strategy and eEurope Action Plans. Programmes.
Internet, Online activities and ICT standards
Internet and Online activities. Fight against illegal online activities. Network security and information system. Coordination and standardisation.
Data protection, copyright and related rights
Data protection. Copyright and related rights in the information society.
Mobile communications. Radio spectrum.
Interaction of the information society with certain policies
The use of ITC for road safety. The use of ITC for electronic commerce. The use of ITC for payment systems. The use of ITC for research. The use of ITC for public health.
Ongoing enlargement. Enlargement of January 2007. Enlargement of May 2004.
- Overviews of European Union: Information technology.
- Further information: Communications Networks, Contents and Technology Directorate-General of the European Commission.