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Solidarity clause

The Solidarity clause, introduced by Article 222 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), provides the option for the Union and its Member States to provide assistance to another Member State which is the victim of a terrorist attack or a natural or man-made disaster. Originally provided for in the European Convention, the clause has been implemented as anticipated following the terrorist attacks in Madrid in March 2004.

The means for implementing the Solidarity clause are defined by a Decision adopted by the Council, on a joint Proposal by the Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. When the implementation of the Solidarity clause has implications for the Common Security and Defence Policy, the Council is assisted by the Political and Security Committee (PSC).

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