European arrest warrant
The European arrest warrant is a judicial decision issued by a Member State with a view to the arrest and surrender by another Member State of a person being sought for a criminal prosecution or a custodial sentence.
It is a tool designed to strengthen cooperation between the judicial authorities of the Member States by eliminating the use of extradition. It is based on the principle of mutual recognition of decisions in criminal matters.
The European arrest warrant is based on a Framework Decision adopted by the Council on 13 June 2002. This decision is applied from 1 January 2004.