Intra-Community movement and importation of equidae
The European Union (EU) has harmonised animal health rules on intra-Community movement and importation of equidae.
Council Directive 2009/156/EC of 30 November 2009 on animal health conditions governing the movement and importations from third countries of equidae.
This Directive defines the animal health conditions governing intra-Community movement and importation of equidae.
This Directive covers wild or domesticated animals of the equine (including zebras) or asinine species or the offspring of crossings of those species.
Exemptions may be granted to equidae used for sporting, recreational or cultural purposes, or those intended for temporary pasturing or work near internal borders of the European Union (EU).
Equidae that are moved between Member States:
- must show no sign of disease at inspection which shall be carried out in the 48 hours prior to their embarkation (only equidae registered in a studbook (or likely to be registered therein) that are intended for intra-Community trade are subject to this inspection);
- have not been in contact with other equidae suffering from an infectious or contagious disease during the 15 days prior to the inspection;
- must not be slaughtered under a programme of contagious or infectious disease eradication;
- must be identified by a document as laid down in Directive 90/427/EEC on the zootechnical and genealogical conditions governing intra-Community trade in equidae;
- must not come from a holding which has been the subject of prohibition orders relating to the occurrence of an infectious or contagious disease.
Member States affected by African horse sickness may not dispatch equidae from the part of the territory considered as infected unless the equidae:
- are dispatched at specific times of the year, having regard to the activity of vector insects carrying the disease;
- show no clinical symptom of African horse sickness on the day of inspection;
- have undergone a test for African horse sickness, with negative results;
- have been kept in quarantine for a minimum period of 40 days;
- are protected from vector insects during the period of quarantine and during transportation to the place of dispatch.
Equidae must be taken directly to the place of destination, accompanied by a health certificate (see Annex III). Vehicles must provide effective protection for the health and well-being of the equidae. Veterinary experts from the Commission may carry out on-the-spot inspections.
Importation from third countries
Any third country wishing to export equidae within the EU must be included on the list of authorised countries. Authorisations are granted having regard to the animal health situation of equidae in the third country and the guarantees that the country provides in terms of the health and well-being of the animals.
Equidae must come from a third country or region thereof which is/has been:
- free from African horse sickness,
- free for two years from Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE),
- free for six months from dourine and glanders.
Additional guarantees may be required for diseases that are not found on EU territory.
Equidae must have remained without interruption for a period to be determined in the territory (or part of the territory) of the exporting third country. Furthermore, equidae must be identified and accompanied by a health certificate issued by an official veterinarian of the exporting third country. Inspections shall be made by veterinary experts from Member States and the Commission.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
OJ L 23.7.2010