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Swine vesicular disease and other animal diseases

The European Union (EU) wishes to prevent the spread of animal diseases and preserve livestock profitability. For this reason, it defines measures which protect animals from certain diseases.

ACT

Council Directive 92/119/EEC of 17 December 1992 introducing general Community measures for the control of certain animal diseases and specific measures relating to swine vesicular disease [See amending act(s)].

SUMMARY

Member States must notify the competent authority responsible for carrying out veterinary checks of all cases of diseases covered by this Directive without delay.

Animal diseases

The Directive stipulates measures applicable in the event of an outbreak of one of the following diseases:

  • rinderpest;
  • peste des petits ruminants;
  • swine vesicular disease;
  • bluetongue;
  • epizootic haemorrhagic disease of deer;
  • sheep pox and goat pox;
  • vesicular stomatitis;
  • African swine fever;
  • lumpy skin disease; and
  • Rift valley fever.

Diagnosis

If it is suspected that animals are infected with one of the abovementioned diseases, the official veterinarian is to verify the presence of that disease at the holding. For this purpose, he is to implement investigative measures which include taking samples for laboratories.

The holding concerned, as well as the other holdings which may have caused the disease, are to be placed under official surveillance. The competent authority is to order a number of measures to be taken, including the census and isolation of all the categories of animals of species susceptible to the disease.

The diagnostic process and the use of reagents are to be coordinated by national laboratories, designated by the Member States for each disease. These laboratories are to work in cooperation with the Community reference laboratories.

As soon as the presence of the disease at the holding is confirmed, the competent authority is to apply measures which concern:

  • slaughter of all the animals of species susceptible to the disease;
  • treatment of materials which may be contaminated;
  • cleaning of buildings used for housing animals;
  • wild animals which may be infected.

Derogations may be granted for healthy production units.

Furthermore, the competent authority is to establish, around the infected holding, a protection zone based on a minimum radius of 3 km and a surveillance zone based on a minimum radius of 10 km. Specific measures are to be applied to the animals and holdings situated in these zones within a certain period equal at least to that of the incubation of the disease in question. The residents of these zones are to be informed of the measures taken.

Prevention

The Commission may decide that vaccination is to integrate the preventive measures, though it remains an exception. In this case, the vaccinated animals must be identified by a visible mark and may not leave the vaccination area.

A national contingency plan is to set out, for all the Member States, the measures to be taken in the event of an outbreak of one of the diseases covered by this Directive. These plans are approved by the Commission and may be amended in the light of circumstances.

Committee procedure

The Commission is to be assisted by the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health.

REFERENCES

ActEntry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal

Directive 92/119/EEC

4.4.1993

1.10.1993

OJ L 62, 15.3.1993

Amending act(s)Entry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal

Directive 2002/60/EC

9.8.2002

30.6.2003

OJ L 192, 20.7.2002

Act of Accession of Austria, Finland and Sweden

1.1.1995

-

OJ C 241, 29.8.1994

Act concerning the conditions of accession of the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic

1.5.2004

-

OJ L 236, 23.9.2003

Regulation (EC) No 806/2003

5.6.2003

-

OJ L 122, 16.5.2003

Decision 2008/73/EC

3.9.2008

1.1.2010

OJ L 219, 14.8. 2008

Successive amendments and corrections to Directive 92/119/EEC have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is for reference purposes only.

RELATED ACTS

Council Directive 2002/60/EC of 27 June 2002 laying down specific provisions for the control of African swine fever and amending Directive 92/119/EEC as regards Teschen disease and African swine fever [Official Journal L 192 of 20.7.2002].

Council Directive 2000/75/EC of 20 November 2000 laying down specific provisions for the control and eradication of bluetongue [Official Journal L 327 of 22.12.2000].
This Directive describes, for this disease, the implementation of such measures as official means of investigation, vaccination, an epidemiological enquiry and demarcation of protection and surveillance zones.

Commission Decision 2000/428/EC of 4 July 2000 establishing diagnostic procedures, sampling methods and criteria for the evaluation of the results of laboratory tests for the confirmation and differential diagnosis of swine vesicular disease [Official Journal L 167 of 7.7.2000].
This Decision contains, in its Annex, a detailed manual which describes the procedures to be followed for correct diagnosis of swine vesicular disease. They include procedures for sampling and evaluation of virological results.

Last updated: 02.05.2011

See also

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