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Euro-Mediterranean Regional Strategy and Indicative Programme 2007-2013
The Regional Strategy Paper for the Mediterranean region defines the objectives and concrete action programmes for the cooperation between the European Union (EU) and the Mediterranean partner countries. The Regional Strategy Paper (RSP) and the Regional Indicative Programme (RIP) for the period 2007-2013 present the terms for implementation.
European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) – Regional Strategy Paper (2007-2013) and Regional Indicative Programme (2007-2013) for the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership .
The Regional Strategy Paper (RSP) defines the objectives and priorities of the regional cooperation on the basis of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) for the period 2007-2013. In this context, it aims to achieve the objectives of the European neighbourhood policy (ENP), which seeks to add a further dimension to the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Barcelona Processus) to strengthen its impact beyond bilateral relations.
The political, economic, social and environment situation of the Mediterranean region poses a certain number of challenges for the region. Regional cooperation offers a response to the challenges of common, and in particular cross-border, interest for the countries of the region. The RSP in this way complements the country strategy papers (CSP) drawn up for Algeria, the Palestinian Authority, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria and Tunisia.
EU response strategy
The European Union (EU) seeks to maintain and step up the reform process in the Mediterranean partner countries. It also seeks to promote dialogue, strengthening the domestic political institutions by means of the collaboration offered by various instruments.
In this capacity, the RIP identifies the priority areas which represent value-added through the comparative advantage they may bring to strengthen the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership.
The justice, security and migration cooperation is of regional interest, with activities comprising:
- confidence-building measures for a first component aimed at promoting cooperation in the field of civil protection and a second component on partnership for peace. In more concrete terms, the RIP proposes, for example, support for crisis management and the implementation of a Code of Conduct on Countering Terrorism;
- a "justice, police and migration" component to consolidate the results obtained during previous programmes and to enhance cooperation on managing migration flows between countries of origin, transit and destination. More specifically, this component encourages contacts, training and assistance among law enforcement officers;
- a "policy analysis" component, with the objective of developing the Euro-Mediterranean network of foreign policy institutes and the Economic Research Institute.
Sustainable economic development is a priority for the achievement of the Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area by 2010. This priority consists of:
- promotion of reforms and investments to attract investors;
- cooperation in respect of infrastructure networks in the transport and energy sectors;
- the completion of an area of free trade and South-South regional economic integration by ensuring the environmental sustainability of the region;
- an environmental programme covering marine pollution, among other issues.
Social development and cultural exchanges focus on people-to-people exchanges and raising awareness of the Partnership through the media. Their main components are:
- gender equality and civil society, with a view to encouraging active citizenship, strengthening equality between men and women and encouraging recognition of the role of women;
- information and communication to promote the Partnership and the ENP and improve cooperation between the EU and the various media in the region;
- Euromed Youth to encourage dialogue between young people on opposite sides of the Mediterranean, the integration of young people and active citizenship;
- dialogue between cultures and cultural heritage.
The Partnership with the neighbouring countries in this way allows progress towards a significant degree of integration with the EU, enhanced trading relations and intensified cooperation in matters of security. Nevertheless, the acceptance and will of the partner countries are essential to ensure the effectiveness of the Partnership.
Terms and conditions
The indicative budget for the period 2007-2010 amounts to EUR 343.3 million.
The RIP for the period 2007-2013 presents the programmes for each priority. To this end, it defines performance indicators to measure the impact and the expected outcomes, such as:
- rebuilding of confidence within each society and between societies by strengthening civil society and transnational links;
- consolidation of the Euromed networks and police and judicial cooperation;
- support for the social integration of migrant workers and their families;
- increase in the number of investment projects and new job creation thanks to a regional investment promotion programme;
- more integrated energy markets, secure energy supplies and developed interconnections and renewable energy sources;
- greater public awareness of the need for environmental protection.
In accordance with its foreign policy objectives, the EU promotes prosperity, solidarity, security and sustainable development in the world, as well as democracy and human rights. The ENP, initiated in 2003, pursues these objectives by promoting good neighbourhood relations. To achieve this, the ENPI, the financial instrument of the ENP for 2007-2013, supports the partner countries of the ENP by integrating the regional and cross-border dimension. It also pursues the objectives identified by the MEDA programme 2002-2006, drawing on the experience gained from it.