EU-Russia environmental cooperation
The European Union (EU) and Russia plan to consolidate their environmental dialogue. The partners therefore establish a common strategic agenda and reinforced procedures.
Communication from the Commission of 17 December 2001 - EU-Russia environmental cooperation [COM(2001)772 final - Not published in the Official Journal].
The dialogue and cooperation conducted between the European Union (EU) and Russia must be strengthened with regard to the environment.
The progress achieved by Russia in this area should benefit its socio-economic development, particularly in the energy and water resource management sectors, by complying with international standards for products and services intended for export, and promoting investment.
Existing cooperation frameworks
The Agreement on partnership and cooperation adopted in 1997 and its joint work programme on the environment are the partners’ principal instruments in this area.
The partners also set environmental objectives under the framework of:
- the EU-Russia Energy Dialogue ;
- the EU common strategy on Russia adopted in June 1999 (energy efficiency, sustainable use of natural resources, combating pollution, waste management, etc.);
The country must also renew its commitment to international cooperation, particularly under the framework of the Northern Dimension policy and the Conventions concerning the Regional Seas (the Baltic Sea, Black Sea, and Atlantic Ocean), as well as the implementation of multi-lateral agreements on the environment and combating climate change.
However, the partners’ cooperation objectives must be expanded. The new priorities are primarily based on Russia’s national objectives for the environment and resource management. In particular, these concern conserving ecosystems and developing an environmentally-friendly economy. These priorities must also comply with the principles of the European strategy for sustainable development.
In addition, the partners establish a set of short-term priorities, in particular:
- energy and natural resource savings through the development of adapted technologies, processes and products;
- improving environmental standards, controls and assessments;
- waste water treatment and reducing atmospheric pollution;
- combating industrial pollution by applying the ‘polluter pays principle’;
- establishing mechanisms to encourage investment, including foreign investment.
This Communications followed on from the 7th EU-Russia Summit on 17 May 2001 during which the partners confirmed their desire to strengthen their strategic cooperation.
- The website of the European Union External Action Service