Strategy for cooperation with Vietnam (2007-2013)
The European Union grants development aid to Vietnam, in particular aimed at poverty reduction, good public governance, the development of health care, economic reforms and the integration of the country into the global economy.
The European Commission - Vietnam Strategy Paper 2007-2013 .
Cooperation between the European Union (EU) and Vietnam aims primarily to reduce the level of poverty in the country. This aim is pursued in line with Vietnam’s socio-economic development plan and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
This strategy identifies a limited number of areas for cooperation, in order to enhance the effectiveness of development aid. Cooperation actions are mainly financed through the instrument for development cooperation (DCI). They are aimed at supporting:
- socio-economic development, particularly the reform of public policies and the increase of financial resources, including by mobilising international donors;
- the health sector, especially to improve access to care, the development of infrastructure and to extend the coverage of social protection to the whole population.
Furthermore, the EU supports the development of trade with Vietnam, to help the country to maximise its international trade development and exploit its membership of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Cooperation should contribute to the development of trade policies, and the legal framework applicable to workers, enterprises, investment and exports.
The increase in trade should have a positive impact on reducing poverty and the sustainable development of the country.
The partners are undertaking a strategic dialogue, in particular with a view to strengthening public institutions, public administration, good governance and human rights.
In addition, a set of thematic objectives supplements these priorities. They can be implemented through the European Instrument for Stability. The objectives are as follows:
- democracy and human rights;
- the development of civil society;
- migration and asylum policy;
- human and social development;
- environmental protection and sustainable resource management;
- higher education.
Cooperation actions should have a positive impact on gender equality, the fight against HIV/AIDS, environmental protection, democracy, good governance and human rights.
In 2007, Vietnam and the EU launched negotiations with a view to intensifying their relations by adopting a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement.