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Turkey – Enterprises

Candidate countries conduct negotiations with the European Union (EU) in order to prepare themselves for accession. The accession negotiations cover the adoption and implementation of European legislation (acquis) and, more specifically, the priorities identified jointly by the Commission and the candidate countries in the analytical assessment (or ‘screening’) of the EU’s political and legislative acquis. Each year, the Commission reviews the progress made by candidates and evaluates the efforts required before their accession. This monitoring is the subject of annual reports presented to the Council and the European Parliament.

ACT

Commission Report [COM(2011) 666 final – SEC(2011) 1201 – Not published in the Official Journal].

SUMMARY

The 2011 Report notes the substantial progress made with regard to enterprise policy and industrial policy, to the extent that they now comply with almost all of the criteria of the acquis. An effective action plan and industrial strategy must be implemented for the period 2011-2014.

EUROPEAN UNION ACQUIS (according to the Commission’s words)

EU industrial policy seeks to promote industrial strategies which strengthen competitiveness by accelerating adaptation to structural changes and encouraging a framework conducive to the creation and development of enterprises across the EU and to national and foreign investment. It also seeks to improve the overall business environment in which small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) operate. It presupposes a process of privatisation and restructuring (see also Chapter 8 – Competition policy). The Community strategy in this area essentially involves defining fundamental principles and drawing up industrial policy declarations. The implementation of enterprise policy and industrial policy requires an adequate administrative capacity at national, regional and local level.

EVALUATION (according to the Commission’s words)

Turkey has made further progress in the area of enterprise and industrial policy, where Turkey maintains a sufficient level of alignment with the acquis. The progress relates to the adoption of an Industrial Strategy and Action Plan covering the period 2011-2014, the wider availability of enterprise and industrial policy instruments, the adoption of sectoral strategies and alignment on combating late payment in commercial transactions.

RELATED ACTS

Commission Report [COM(2010) 660 final – SEC(2010) 1327 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The 2010 Report noted a satisfactory level of alignment with the acquis of the legislation concerning enterprises and industrial policy. However, the improvements made to the business environment remained inadequate.

Commission Report [COM(2009) 533 final – SEC(2009) 1334 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The Report noted that Turkish legislation was now satisfactorily aligned with the Community acquis. New progress had been made, in particular, in the establishment of comprehensive and sectoral industrial strategies.

Commission Report [COM(2008) 674 final – SEC(2008) 2699 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The November 2008 Report noted the new progress achieved regarding SME policy and the improvement to the business environment. However, Turkey had not yet adopted the revised comprehensive industrial strategy.

Commission Report [COM(2007) 663 final – SEC(2007) 1436 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The November 2007 Report noted that overall, Turkey has achieved a good degree of alignment with the acquis in the field of enterprise policy and industrial policy.

Commission Report [COM(2006) 649 final – SEC(2005) 1390 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The November 2006 Report noted the substantial progress achieved by Turkey and specified what progress had yet to be made.

Commission Report [COM(2005) 561 final – SEC(2005) 1426 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The October 2005 Report noted further progress. Turkey's industrial policy was then largely in line with the fundamental principals of the common industrial policy. However, Turkey had to continue its efforts to make further progress and to build on the advances already made.

Commission Report [COM(2004) 656 final – SEC(2004) 1201 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The October 2004 Report highlighted Turkey’s progress with regard to its industrial policy. Although Turkey had achieved a degree of conformity with Community principles in this field, further efforts were nevertheless required.

Commission Report [COM(2003) 676 final – SEC(2003) 1212 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The November 2003 Report stated that Turkey had made some progress with its industrial policy. Efforts did, however, need to be made in terms of privatisation. The same applied to SMEs, where the business climate and access to funding remained uncertain.

Commission Report [COM(2002) 700 final – SEC (2002) 1412 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The October 2002 Report noted that Turkey had made little progress in the field of industrial policy and a policy in favour of SMEs.

Commission Report [COM(2001) 700 final – SEC (2001) 1756 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The November 2001 Report stated that Turkey had continued to stabilise the macroeconomic situation. Little progress had been made with the policy on enterprise and industry. The policy on SMEs and the system of support for enterprises had been revised.

Commission Report [COM(2000) 713 final – Not published in the Official Journal].
In its November 2000 Report, the Commission noted that the main progress had been achieved in the privatisation of state enterprises.

Commission Report [COM(1999) 513 final – Not published in the Official Journal].
In its 1999 Report, the Commission stressed that Turkish industry had been influenced by negative international macroeconomic developments.

Commission Report [COM(1998) 711 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

Last updated: 29.12.2011

See also

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