Iceland – Health and consumers
Candidate countries conduct negotiations with the European Union (EU) in order to prepare themselves for accession. The accession negotiations cover the adoption and implementation of European legislation (acquis) and, more specifically, the priorities identified jointly by the Commission and the candidate countries in the analytical assessment (or ‘screening’) of the EU’s political and legislative acquis. Each year, the Commission reviews the progress made by candidates and evaluates the efforts required before their accession. This monitoring is the subject of annual reports presented to the Council and the European Parliament.
Commission Report [COM(2011) 666 final – SEC(2011) 1202 final – Not published in the Official Journal].
Although Iceland’s level of alignment is satisfactory, the 2011 Report highlights the progress still required on consumer policy. The country is a member of the European Economic Area (EEA).
EUROPEAN UNION ACQUIS (according to the Commission’s words)
The acquis in this area covers protection of the economic interests of consumers in a number of specific sectors (misleading and comparative advertising, price indication, consumer credit, unfair contract terms, distance and doorstep selling, package travel, timeshare, injunctions for the protection of consumers' interests, certain aspects of the sale of consumer goods and associated guarantees), as well as general safety of consumer goods (liability for defective products, dangerous imitations and general safety of goods) and distance marketing of consumer financial services. The Member States of the European Union (EU) must transpose the acquis into their national law, and establish administrative structures and independent implementation bodies which ensure real market surveillance and effective application of the acquis. They must also provide appropriate judicial and out-of-court dispute resolution mechanisms. Furthermore, they must ensure that consumers are informed and educated and that consumer organisations play an active role. This chapter also covers certain binding rules with regard to public health.
EVALUATION (according to the Commission’s words)
Iceland has already achieved a good level of alignment and implementation of the acquis in the fields of consumer protection and health. However, additional effort is required in order to achieve full alignment, particularly concerning consumer protection. More active participation in the RAPEX system is essential.
- The website of the Directorate-General for Enlargement, Accession negotiations with Iceland