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The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – Energy

Candidate countries conduct negotiations with the European Union (EU) in order to prepare themselves for accession. The accession negotiations cover the adoption and implementation of European legislation (acquis) and, more specifically, the priorities identified jointly by the Commission and the candidate countries in the analytical assessment (or ‘screening’) of the EU’s political and legislative acquis. Each year, the Commission reviews the progress made by candidates and evaluates the efforts required before their accession. This monitoring is the subject of annual reports presented to the Council and the European Parliament.


Commission Report – [COM(2011) 666 final – SEC(2011) 1203 – Not published in the Official Journal].


The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia received the status of candidate country for accession to the European Union (EU) in 2005. The Accession Partnership, adopted by the Council in 2008, supports the country’s preparations for its future accession and the aligning of its legislation with the Community acquis. In 2008, negotiations for accession had not yet started since some progress still needed to be made with regard to the objectives and conditions defined within the framework of the Partnership.

The 2011 Report outlines satisfactory progress, in particular the enactment of new framework-legislation. However, the efficiency of the internal market must be improved.

EUROPEAN UNION ACQUIS (according to the Commission’s words)

European energy policy objectives include the improvement of competitiveness, security of energy supplies and the protection of the environment. The energy acquis consists of rules and policies, notably regarding competition and State aid (including in the coal sector), the internal energy market (for example, opening up of the electricity and gas markets, promotion of renewable energy sources, crisis management and oil stock security obligations), energy efficiency, nuclear energy and radiation protection.

EVALUATION (according to the Commission’s words)

Good progress was made in the energy sector, in particular the enactment of the new framework legislation and the resolution of the long-standing dispute with the distribution system operator, a major EU investor. An effectively functioning electricity market has yet to be established, and conditions for competition ensured. The financial independence of the radiation protection regulator is still not secured.


Commission Report [COM(2010) 660 final – SEC(2010) 1327 - Not published in the Official Journal].
Despite the progress made by the country, the 2010 report highlights the need to complete the legislation and to achieve energy price rationalisation.

Commission Report [COM(2009) 533 final – SEC(2009) 1334 – Not published in the Official Journal].

Commission Report [COM(2008) 674 final – SEC(2008) 2699 final – Not published in the Official Journal].
The November 2008 report highlights progress made in the energy sector concerning, in particular, the transposition of legislation and the liberalisation of the electricity market. Some weaknesses still remain, in particular in terms of electricity prices and distribution. The energy sector is not yet completely independent and the country is not yet sufficiently well prepared.

Last updated: 20.12.2011

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