National Roma Integration Strategies: Common European Framework
The Commission presents a number of recommendations for preparing national integration strategies for the social and economic inclusion of Roma. Member States are invited to submit their strategies to the Commission by the end of 2011.
Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 5 April 2011 – An EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020 [COM(2011) 173 final – Not published in the Official Journal].
The European Union (EU) invites its Member States to adopt national strategies aimed at improving the economic and social situation of Roma * by 2020. The Commission presents a framework of common European goals that complement the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy.
Before the end of 2011, Member States are to propose integration strategies or packages of policy measures aimed at improving access by Roma:
- to education, so that each child at least completes primary school;
- to employment, health care, housing, and basic services (particularly public water, gas and electricity networks), so as to reduce existing disparities with the rest of the population.
The Commission is to carry out an assessment of these strategies in 2012 and monitor their implementation, by means of a monitoring mechanism involving various stakeholders. In this regard, it plans to present annual monitoring reports to the Council and the European Parliament.
Lastly, the Commission encourages reforms and the strengthening of the European Platform for Roma Inclusion.
Implementation of national strategies
National goals for Roma integration should be set, taking account of needs, constraints and the diverse situations in each Member State.
The preparation of integration strategies is to take place with the participation of the stakeholders concerned, in particular local and regional authorities, representatives of civil society and Roma.
A single national contact point is to be created in each Member State to monitor action.
Sources of funding for national strategies must be clearly identified. Such funding may come from national budgets, structural funds or other European funding (such as the Progress microfinance instrument, the Social Innovation Europe initiative, etc.) or international grants.
European goals for Roma integration apply to the countries concerned by EU enlargement policy. The Commission undertakes to support the efforts of those countries, including by increasing the European funding available.
In addition, the progress of each country will be monitored by the Commission and presented in annual enlargement reports.