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Temporary and mobile work sites

This Directive aims to promote better working conditions on work sites. Workers in this sector of activity are effectively exposed to particularly high risks. The Directive requires safety and health considerations to be taken on board during the design and organisation of projects. It also provides for the establishment of a chain of responsibility, linking all the players involved, in order to prevent any risks.

ACT

Council Directive 92/57/EEC of 24 June 1992 on the implementation of minimum safety and health requirements at temporary or mobile work sites (eighth individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16 of Directive 89/391/EEC).

SUMMARY

The Directive applies to temporary or mobile work sites * in all sectors of activity, both public and private (industrial, agricultural, commercial, administrative, service, educational, cultural, leisure, etc.).

The Directive does not apply to drilling and extraction in the extractive industries.

Appointment of coordinators - Safety and health plan - Prior notice

The client * or the project * supervisor shall appoint one or more coordinators for safety and health matters for any construction site on which more than one contractor is present. The coordinator shall ensure that prior to the setting up of a construction site a safety and health plan is drawn up.

In the case of construction sites on which work is scheduled to last longer than 30 working days and on which more than 20 workers are occupied simultaneously, or on which the volume of work is scheduled to exceed 500 person-days, the client or the project supervisor shall communicate a prior notice (drawn up in accordance with Annex III).

Preparation of the project

The client or project supervisor shall apply the general prevention principles of the Framework Directive 89/391/EEC on health and safety at work and the safety plan during the work site project preparation stage, architectural/organisational choices and during the different stages of work.

The coordinators shall coordinate implementation of the general principles of prevention, draw up a safety and health plan and prepare a file containing relevant safety and health information to be taken into account during any subsequent works.

Execution of the project

During the project execution stage, the coordinators on the site shall:

  • ensure that employers and self-employed persons apply the principles of prevention in respect of the situations described and follow the safety and health plan where this is required;
  • organise cooperation between employers in respect of safety and health matters;
  • coordinate arrangements to check that the working procedures are being implemented correctly;
  • take the steps necessary to ensure that only authorized person are allowed onto the construction site.

Responsibilities of clients, project supervisors and employers

Even where a coordinator has been appointed, this does not relieve the client or project supervisor of his responsibilities in respect of safety and health matters.

Obligations of employers

Employers shall be obliged to comply with the minimum safety and health requirements applicable to construction sites, as set out in Annex IV. These cover such aspects as energy distribution installations, emergency routes and exits, ventilation, temperature, traffic routes - danger areas, sanitary equipment, etc. They must also take into account directions from the coordinator for safety and health matters.

Obligations of self-employed persons

All self-employed persons * shall comply with the safety requirements, specifically concerning the use of work equipment and personal protection.

Provision of information to workers, worker consultation, worker participation

In accordance with Directive 89/391/EEC, workers and/or their representatives shall be informed of all the measures taken for their safety and health on the construction site. The information must be comprehensible to the workers concerned.

Workers and their representatives shall be consulted on matters covered by this Directive whenever necessary.

Key terms of the Act
  • Temporary or mobile construction sites: any construction site at which building or civil engineering works are carried out (a non-exhaustive list is given in Annex I);
  • Client: any natural or legal person for whom a project is carried out;
  • Project supervisor: any natural or legal person responsible for the design and/or execution and/or supervision of the execution of a project, acting on behalf of the client;
  • Self-employed person: any person other than the employee or employer, whose professional activity contributes to the completion of a project.

REFERENCES

ActEntry into force - Date of expiryDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal

Directive 92/57/EEC

17.7.1992

31.12.1993

OJ L 245 of 26.8.1992.

Directive 2007/30/EC

28.6.2007

31.12.2012

OJ L 165 of 27.6.2997

Consolidated version

RELATED ACTS

Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the practical implementation of Health and Safety at Work Directives 92/57/EEC (temporary and mobile sites) and 92/58/EEC (safety signs at work) [COM(2008) 698 final – Not published in the Official Journal].

The Commission presented a report on the implementation of Directive 92/57/EEC in 15 European Union countries. In the majority of countries, legislation modernisation was necessary in order to comply with European Health and Safety requirements.

The Directive introduced several innovations, in particular:

  • the responsibility of all actors who have decision-making powers;
  • the coordination of health and safety protection measures from project conception to construction;
  • the requirement to draw up a health and safety plan.

The Commission emphasises that more and more European companies recognise the need for these rules, which enable construction to be more efficient and reduce worker absenteeism. However, some companies still consider that activities to prevent accidents and occupational diseases are an additional administrative burden. In addition, the Commission finds regrettable the low participation of workers in these activities and the lack of training, particularly in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs).
The Commission and sector representatives shall draw up a guide to facilitate implementation of the new legislation.

Last updated: 18.03.2010
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