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To strengthen cooperation between universities and enterprises in training relating to technology.
2) COMMUNITY MEASURES
Council Decision 86/365/EEC of 24 July 1986 adopting the programme on cooperation between universities and enterprises regarding training in the field of technology (Comett).
Definitions of the terms "university" and "enterprise"
Objectives of the programme
- to give a European dimension to cooperation between universities and enterprises in training relating to innovation and the development and application of new technologies;
- to foster the joint development of training programmes and the exchange of experience, and also the optimum use of training resources at Community level;
- to improve the supply of training at local, regional and national level with the assistance of the authorities concerned, thus contributing to the balanced economic development of the Community;
- to develop the level of training in response to technological change and social changes by identifying the resulting priorities in existing training arrangements which call for supplementary action both within Member States and at Community level, and by promoting equal opportunities for men and women.
Areas covered by Comett
Comett I was divided into five interdependent fields of action, each comprising one strand of the programme:
Strand A: the development of a European network of university-enterprise training partnerships (UETPs),
Strand B: programmes for the exchange of students and staff between universities and undertakings,
Strand C: the development and testing of joint university/enterprise projects in the field of ongoing training,
Strand D: multilateral initiatives for developing multi-media training systems,
Strand E: additional measures and assessment measures aimed at the analysis and monitoring of important developments relating to Comett.
Framework for implementation of the programme
The Commission is assisted by a Committee consisting of two representatives of each Member State. Two representatives of the social partners participate in the work as observers. The Committee members are responsible for liaison between Comett and similar initiatives in the Member States. The Committee delivers opinions on the guidelines, the financial assistance granted, the procedure for selecting the various types of projects and any measures which require a Community contribution of more than ECU 100 000.
Information centres have been set up to assist and promote the dissemination of information on Comett. A group of Comett experts has been set up by the Commission, to provide an additional source of advice and specialized technical know-how.
4) DEADLINE FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LEGISLATION IN THE MEMBER STATES
5) DATE OF ENTRY INTO FORCE (if different from the above)
Official Journal L 222, 08.08.1986
8) COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING MEASURES
Between 1986 and 1990, more than 1 300 projects were launched throughout the European Community, with Community aid amounting to a total of ECU 52.5 million. The projects financed under Comett I have led to the establishment of 125 university-enterprise training partnerships (UETPs), more than 4 000 traineeships for students in enterprises in other Member States and 232 grants for exchanges of staff between universities and enterprises; 329 joint ongoing training projects and multinational initiatives for developing multi-media training systems have also been financed. In addition, more than 6 000 enterprises, 1 500 universities and 1 000 other types of organization were involved in carrying out the Comett I projects. Of the various technological sectors, production and manufacturing dominated, but other fields were also well represented: computer technology, management, biology, chemicals, occupation of land area. The human and social sciences accounted for 3.6 % of the total, the projects in question having been proposed by the trade unions concerned about the impact of technological change on the organization of labour, collective bargaining and the organization of the trade unions.