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Creation of a Peace Facility for Africa
A financing scheme is set up by the European Union to strengthen the ability of the African Union to engage in peace support and peacekeeping operations in Africa
Decision 2003/3 of the ACP-EC Council of Ministers of 11 December 2003 on the use of resources from the long-term development envelope of the ninth EDF for the creation of a Peace Facility for Africa [pdf ].
The decision to create a Peace Facility for Africa follows a brief conferred by the Council at the session of 21 July 2003, in response to a request made by the African Union Summit (AU), which convened at Maputo on 4 - 12 July 2003.
The Decision allocated an initial amount of EUR 250 million to the Peace Facility for Africa for a period of three years from its date of entry into force.
The EUR 250 million came from the European Development Fund (EDF) under the Cotonou Agreement. Of this, EUR 126.4 million came from each African country's contribution of 1.5 % from its allocated envelope. The remaining EUR 123.6 million were transferred from unallocated resources (reserves) of the 9th EDF.
The Council of 11 April 2006 decided to extend this initiative for the period 2008 - 10 by allocating EUR 300 million under the Intra-ACP Indicative Programme of the 10th European Development Fund.
This amount can be used to finance costs incurred by African countries deploying their peace-keeping forces in one or more other African countries (cost of carrying troops, soldiers' living expenses, development of capabilities, etc.) but under no circumstances to cover military and arms expenditure.
The Peace Facility is based on the principle of African ownership. It supports African-led peacekeeping operations in Africa as well as capacity building for the emerging security structure of the African Union (AU). These operations are launched and implemented by the African Union's organisations and/or by sub-regional organisations. The African Union is required to play a key role in the decision-making process relating to these operations.
The AU's mission in Darfur/Sudan (AMIS) is the first to be supported by the Peace Facility for Africa following a decision in June 2004 for financing amounting to EUR 12 million.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Decision 2003/3||11.12.2003||-||OJ L 345, 31.12.2003.|