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Extraction solvents used in foodstuffs
This Directive aims at harmonising legislation on extraction solvents, in order to facilitate the free movement of foodstuffs within the European Union whilst ensuring that human health is protected.
Directive 2009/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States on extraction solvents used in the production of foodstuffs and food ingredients.
This Directive applies to extraction solvents used in the production of foodstuffs or food ingredients. It also applies to extraction solvents imported into the European Union (EU).
This Directive shall not apply to extraction solvents used in the production of food additives, vitamins and other nutritional additives (unless such food additives, vitamins or nutritional additives are listed in Annex I).
Use and marketing
Member States shall authorise the use on their territory of extraction solvents used in the production of foodstuffs or food ingredients. However, this is subject to compliance with conditions of use and permitted residues. Only extraction solvents listed in Annex I may be used.
Member States shall not prohibit, restrict or limit the marketing of a foodstuff or ingredient produced using an extraction solvent which meets the requirements of this Directive.
Water to which substances regulating acidity or alkalinity may have been added and other food substances which possess solvent properties are authorised as extraction solvents in the manufacture of foodstuffs or food ingredients.
This Directive may, if necessary, establish specific purity criteria for the extraction solvents listed in Annex I, and in particular maximum permitted limits of mercury and cadmium.
The suspension or withdrawal of authorisation
A Member State may temporarily suspend or restrict an authorisation granted for an extraction solvent. To do this, the Member State must have grounds justifying that the solvent in question represents a risk for human health. It shall inform the Commission and the other Member States of its decision without delay.
The Commission shall examine the grounds cited as soon as possible and express an opinion. If appropriate, the Commission shall approve the measures taken by the Member State or supplement them with appropriate measures.
This Directive lays down labelling requirements including:
- the commercial name as indicated in Annex I;
- a clear indication that the extraction solvent is of a quality suitable for use for the extraction of food or food ingredients;
- the number of the batch or lot;
- the commercial name of the manufacturer or packer;
- the net quantity;
- if necessary, the special storage conditions or conditions of use.
There may be exemptions from these labelling rules. Only the first two particulars (the commercial name and use) may appear on the label if the extraction solvents are accompanied by commercial documents for the batch or lot which include the remaining information.
The particulars must be easily visible, clearly legible and indelible. They must be expressed in a language which can be easily understood by the purchaser.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
JO L 141 of 6.6.2009