Textile products: textile fibre names and labelling
This Regulation establishes harmonised provisions on the labelling and marking of textile products in order to eliminate hindrances to the internal market in the textile sector and to guarantee consumers adequate information.
Regulation (EU) No 1007/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2011 on textile fibre names and related labelling and marking of the fibre composition of textile products and repealing Council Directive 73/44/EEC and Directives 96/73/EC and 2008/121/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (Text with EEA relevance).
This Regulation lays down provisions relating to:
- textile fibre names * with regard to their definition and use when indicating the fibre composition of textile products;
- the labelling of textile products * containing non-textile parts of animal origin;
- methods of analysis to check information indicated on labels or markings.
Products concerned by the Regulation
The Regulation concerns textile products, namely:
- products containing at least 80 % by weight of textile fibres;
- products treated in the same way as textile products.
The Regulation does not concern textile products contracted out to persons working in their own homes or to independent firms without property being transferred, or to textile products made up by self-employed tailors.
Textile fibre names
The description of fibre composition of textile products must use the textile fibres listed in Annex I to the Regulation. The Regulation states which names shall correspond to which type of fibre. The use of these names for other fibres is prohibited.
Manufacturers may ask the European Commission to include a new textile fibre name in Annex I to the Regulation. A technical file must be submitted with their application, drawn up pursuant to Annex II and containing the following information:
- the proposed name, definition and identification for the new textile fibre;
- sufficiently developed identification and quantification methods;
- additional information concerning possible allergic reactions, the production process and consumer relevance.
Indication of the composition of textile products
The use of the terms “100 %”, “pure” or “all” is limited to products composed of a single textile fibre.
The terms “virgin wool” or “fleece wool” (and the terms listed in Annex III) may be used on labels provided the product is composed exclusively of a wool fibre which has not previously been incorporated in a finished product, and which has not been subjected to any spinning. If wool is contained in a mixture of textile fibres, the term “virgin wool” may appear on labelling if:
- all the wool is composed of a single wool fibre;
- such wool accounts for no less than 25 % of the total weight of the mixture;
- the wool is mixed with only one other fibre in the case of a scribbled mixture.
Textile products composed of several fibres must be labelled with the name and percentage by weight of all constituent fibres, in descending order. The term “other fibres” may be used if some minor fibres could not be stated at the time of manufacture of the product, or for fibres not listed in Annex I. The terms “mixed fibres” or “unspecified textile composition” may be used on a textile product the composition of which is hard to state at the time of manufacture.
The presence of non-textile parts of animal origin in textile products must be indicated by the phrase “Contains non-textile parts of animal origin" on the labelling.
Labelling and marking of textile products
When placed on the market, textile products shall be labelled and marked in a durable, legible, visible and accessible way, to indicate their fibre composition. For products not intended for the final consumer, such labelling or marking may be replaced with accompanying commercial documents. They shall then be provided by the product manufacturer.
For textile products consisting of two or more textile components not having the same textile fibre composition, the fibrous composition for each component must be indicated.
Labelling must not include abbreviations. Labels must also be offered in one or more of the official languages of the Member State within which the product has been placed on the market.
Economic operators placing textile products on the market are responsible for their labelling or marking.
Descriptions of textile fibre composition must also appear in catalogues, trade literature, and packaging. Such information must be visible for online purchases.
Labelling is not mandatory for the products listed in Annex V.
Checks on the conformity of the fibre composition of textile products shall be carried out by market surveillance authorities, according to the methods described in Annex VIII.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
Regulation (EU) No 1007/2011
OJ L 272, 18.10.2011
- Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry – Textiles and clothing