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Fruit juices and similar products

The composition of fruit juices, their reserved names, their manufacturing characteristics and their labelling are subject to specific rules.


Council Directive 2001/112/EC of 20 September 2001 relating to fruit juices and certain similar products intended for human consumption [See amending act(s)].


Fruit juices

The products covered by this Directive are:

  • fruit juice,
  • concentrated fruit juice,
  • dehydrated fruit juice, and
  • fruit nectar.

These products are defined on the basis of their composition and preparation processes so as to ensure that the terms are used correctly in trade, and not in a manner which may mislead. The Directive also defines particular designations used in certain countries and languages.


Fruit juices are labelled in accordance with the general rules laid down in Directive 2000/13/EC relating to foodstuffs. However, specific provisions are adopted in this Directive in order to improve consumer information. These provisions require the addition of wording indicating:

  • if a product is a mixture of different fruits;
  • if a product has been sweetened;
  • if a product has been obtained entirely or partly from a concentrate.

In the case of concentrated fruit juice, if the product is not intended for delivery to the final consumer, the labelling must indicate any addition of sugars, lemon juice or acidifying agents.

The Directive lists the raw materials which may be used to manufacture juice and nectar, and also the additives which may be authorised, subject to the Directive on nutrition labelling for foodstuffs.

The minimum content of fruit juice and/or fruit purée in fruit nectar must conform to the levels indicated in the Directive and must be stated in the product labelling.


This Directive forms part of the programme to simplify certain vertical Directives relating to foodstuffs. It applies without prejudice to the general provisions relating to the labelling of foodstuffs.


ActEntry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Directive 2001/112/EC



OJ L 10 of 12.1.2002

Amending act(s)Entry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1182/2007



OJ L 273 of 17.10.2007

Directive 2009/106/EC



OJ L 212 of 15.8.2009

Successive amendments and corrections to Directive 2001/112/EC have been incorporated into the basic text. This consolidated version is for information only.

Last updated: 05.01.2011
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