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Coffee and chicory extracts

The harmonisation of the legislation on trade in coffee extracts and chicory extracts promotes the common market for products in this sector while at the same time protecting the interests of producers and consumers.


Directive 99/4/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 relating to coffee extracts and chicory extracts [See amending acts].


This Directive simplifies the legislation - previously regulated by Directive 77/436/EEC - relating to extracts of coffee and extracts of chicory. It is aimed at protecting the interests of consumers and producers by establishing rules on the description, definition and characteristics of these products.


The Directive covers the following products:

  • coffee extract and soluble coffee extract;
  • soluble or instant coffee (with the exception of café torrefacto soluble);
  • chicory extract;
  • soluble chicory;
  • instant chicory.

These products must comply with certain minimum composition requirements, in particular as regards the dry matter content.


Coffee and chicory extracts must be labelled in accordance with the provisions of Directive 2000/13/EC, which relates to the labelling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs. However, only the above-mentioned descriptions may be used in trade in these products, possibly accompanied by information concerning the form ("paste", "liquid", "concentrated", etc.), any added substances, and the caffeine content. An indication of the minimum coffee- or chicory-based dry matter content as a percentage by weight of the finished product is also obligatory.

Other provisions

Trade in coffee or chicory extracts conforming to the provisions of this Directive may not be impeded by conflicting national provisions.

The Commission is to be assisted by the standing committee on the food chain and animal health in applying this Directive.


ActEntry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Directive 1999/4/EC



OJ L 66 of 13.3.1999

Amending act(s)Entry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1882/2003



OJ L 284 of 31.10.2003

Regulation (EC) No 1137/2008



OJ L 311 of 21.11.2008


Commission Directive 2002/67/EC of 18 July 2002 on the labelling of foodstuffs containing quinine, and of foodstuffs containing caffeine [OJ L 191, 19.7.2002].

Last updated: 18.02.2011
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