Croatia – Competition
Candidate countries conduct negotiations with the European Union (EU) in order to prepare themselves for accession. The accession negotiations cover the adoption and implementation of European legislation (acquis) and, more specifically, the priorities identified jointly by the Commission and the candidate countries in the analytical assessment (or ‘screening’) of the EU’s political and legislative acquis. Each year, the Commission reviews the progress made by candidates and evaluates the efforts required before their accession. This monitoring is the subject of annual reports presented to the Council and the European Parliament.
Commission Report [COM(2010) 660 final – SEC(2010) 1326 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The Commission indicates in its 2010 Report that significant progress has been achieved, particularly to benefit of shipyards. The country must now reform its legislation on cartels and improve the rules of competition in the broadcasting sector and steel and iron industry.
EUROPEAN UNION ACQUIS (according to the Commission’s words)
The competition legislation covers both anti-trust and State aid control policies. It includes rules and procedures to fight anti-competitive behaviour by companies (restrictive agreements between undertakings and abuse of dominant position), and to prevent governments from granting state aid which distorts competition in the Internal Market. Generally, the competition rules are directly applicable in the whole Union, and Member States must fully cooperate with the Commission on the enforcement of theses rules.
EVALUATION (according to the Commission’s words)
Significant progress has been achieved in competition policy, in particular towards finalisation of the tendering procedure for restructuring the shipyards. Overall, a good level of alignment has been achieved.
However, further efforts are still required to adopt restructuring plans in line with the State aid acquis for the shipyards in difficulty, to improve the Croatian Competition Agency’s enforcement record against cartels and to improve its administrative capacity further, in particular in the area of antitrust. Alignment of the Croatian Broadcasting Act needs to be completed.
The National Restructuring Plans for the steel industry also need updating.
- Website of the Directorate General for Enlargement: Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2010