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Rules applicable to firms

Competition

Some firms attempt to distort free competition and adopt anti-competitive behaviour in order to impose their own rules on the market. Firms carrying out similar activities may come to arrangements with each other to control prices or to divide up the market among themselves. A firm that holds a dominant position in a market may also abuse this position and exclude its competitors from said market. The European Union has therefore put in place regulations to both prosecute firms and also prevent them from engaging in anti-competitive behaviour.
Furthermore, mergers and acquisitions of one firm by another may restrict competition by creating or strengthening a dominant actor in the market. The Union therefore controls, and if necessary prohibits or subjects to certain conditions, concentration with a Community dimension.

See also

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