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Cohesion Fund (2007-2013)
This Regulation establishes a Cohesion Fund to help finance environmental measures and trans-European transport networks in the ten new Member States plus Spain, Greece and Portugal. The Fund is linked to the "Convergence" objective of the reformed cohesion policy for the period 2007-2013.
During the period 2007-2013, the general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund and the Cohesion Fund require the Cohesion Fund to support measures under the "Convergence" objective, the aim of which is to speed up convergence in the Member States and regions whose development is lagging behind by improving conditions for growth and employment.
The ceiling for the Cohesion Fund's contribution to public expenditure co-financed in the Member States is set at 85 %.
The aim of the Cohesion Fund is to strengthen economic and social cohesion in the European Union (EU) with a view to promoting sustainable development.
Fields of activity
The Cohesion Fund finances action on:
- the environment (within the priorities assigned to the Community's environmental protection policy under the policy and action programme on the environment. In this context, the Fund may also intervene in areas related to sustainable development and transport outside trans-European networks);
- the trans-European transport networks, especially the priority projects of European interest.
Cohesion Fund assistance is subject to restrictions, in that the Council may:
- decide that there is an excessive government deficit in a beneficiary Member State;
- conclude that the Member State concerned has not taken effective action in response to a Council recommendation. The Council may therefore decide to suspend all or part of the commitments from the Fund for the Member State concerned.
Although eligibility is decided at national level, the Regulation states that the following types of expenditure are not eligible for Cohesion Fund financing:
- recoverable value-added tax;
- interest owed;
- land purchases accounting for more than 10 % of total eligible expenditure;
- decommissioning of nuclear power stations.
Other provisions relating to cohesion policy for the period 2007-2013 are found in the four specific Regulations on:
- general provisions on the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund and the Cohesion Fund;
- the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF);
- the European Social Fund;
- the European grouping of territorial cooperation (EGTC).
Cohesion policy for the period 2007-2013 is based on the Interinstitutional Agreement and the Financial Framework for 2007-2013
This Regulation entered into force on 1 August 2006, and Regulation (EC) No 1164/94 was repealed on the same date. The present Regulation must be reviewed by 31 December 2013.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
Regulation (EC) No 1084/2006
|1.8.2006||-||OJ L 210 of 31.7.2006|