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Common organisation of sheepmeat and goatmeat markets
The common organisation of the market in sheepmeat and goatmeat is designed to stabilise prices and guarantee a fair level of income for farmers, while establishing a system of prices and arrangements for trade with third countries. These specific provisions remain in force until 30 June 2008.
As from 1 July 2008, products falling under the scope of this Regulation will be covered by the common organisation of agricultural markets.
The products affected are lambs, live sheep and goats, fresh, chilled and frozen meat from sheep or goats, edible offal, fats and other prepared or preserved meat and offal from sheep or goats.
Private storage aid
When there is a particularly difficult market situation in Great Britain, Northern Ireland or any other Member State taken separately, the European Commission may decide to grant private storage aid within the framework of a tendering procedure. In urgent cases, aid amounts may be fixed in advance without tendering.
Trade with third countries
Imports and exports may be subject to presentation of an import or export licence issued by Member States to any applicant.
The rates of duty in the Common Customs Tariff apply to products in the sheepmeat and goatmeat sectors.
Additional import duties may be imposed if there is a risk that imports might destabilise the Community market.
Tariff quotas are administered by applying one of the following methods: first come, first served; simultaneous examination; or traditional/new arrival. Other non-discriminatory methods may be applied.
The use of inward processing arrangements may be prohibited to the extent necessary for the proper working of the common organisation of the market or if there is a risk of the Community market being disturbed.
When trading with third countries, it is forbidden to impose charges having equivalent effect to customs duties or to apply any quantitative import restrictions or measures having the same effect.
Protective measures may be taken if the Community market is threatened with disturbance by reason of imports or exports.
Member States monitor prices on the market. When there is a substantial rise or fall in prices and this threatens to disturb the market, the necessary measures may be taken.
Exceptional measures may be taken to support a market affected by restrictions on free movement resulting from animal diseases.
Save as otherwise provided in this Regulation, the Treaty rules on State aid apply to the sheepmeat and goatmeat sector.
The Member States and the Commission notify one another of the information needed in order to implement the Regulation.
In implementing the Regulation, the Commission is assisted by a Management Committee for Sheepmeat and Goatmeat, comprising representatives of the Member States and chaired by a representative of the Commission.
At the end of 2005, the Commission reported to the European Parliament and the Council on the environmental consequences of sheep and goat farming.
If necessary, transitional measures may be taken to ensure the smooth changeover to the new common organisation of the market.
This common organisation of the market in sheepmeat and goatmeat brought together all the various pieces of legislation governing that market up until 2001. It regulated trade in these products both on the internal market and with third countries. It did so by providing aid to Community producers in the form of direct payments.
This scheme was replaced by the 2003 agricultural reform which introduced the single farm payment, while still providing ewe and goat premiums.
In 2007, the common organisation of the market in sheepmeat and goatmeat was subsumed under the single common organisation of the market, which replaced the 21 individual systems in place for various sectors and simplified the legislative framework for the common agriculture policy.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EC) No 2529/2001||22.12.2001||-||OJ L 341, 22.12.2001|
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Acts on the accession to the EU of the Czech Republic and the Republics of Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia and Slovakia||1.5.2004||-||OJ L 236, 23.9.2003|
|Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003||1.1.2004||-||OJ L 270, 21.10.2003|
|Regulation (EC) No 1913/2005||2.12.2005||-||OJ L 307, 25.11.2005|
For more details, consult the legislation on the common organisation of the market in sheepmeat and goatmeat and the Commission website for this common organisation of the market.