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Poultrymeat

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The common organisation of the market in poultrymeat makes it possible to stabilise prices and guarantee farmers a fair standard of living by facilitating the marketing of products and laying down rules for trade with third countries.

ACT

Regulation (EEC) No 2777/75 of the Council of 29 October 1975 on the common organisation of the market in poultrymeat [See amending acts].

SUMMARY

From 1 July 2008 products covered by this Regulation will be subject to the common organisation of agricultural markets.

Scope

The products concerned are cocks, hens, ducks, geese, turkeys and guinea fowls, edible meats and offal, poultry livers, fats and other poultry-based preparations.

Marketing

To encourage action by trade and inter-trade organisations, Community measures may be taken to improve product quality and product use, to promote better organisation of production and marketing and to facilitate the recording of market price trends.

Marketing standards covering grading by category, quality and weight and labelling are adopted for poultry meats and offal. For other products the adoption of such standards is optional.

Trade with third countries

Imports and exports may be subject to the issuing of an import/export licence by the Member States.

The general rules for applying the Common Customs Tariff are applied in the poultrymeat sector.

Where imports are likely to threaten the Community market, additional duty may be levied on them.

Quotas are administered by the "first come, first served" or "simultaneous examination" methods. Other non-discriminatory methods may also be adopted.

In the event of price rises on the Community market, the Council, acting on the basis of a proposal from the Commission and after consultation with the European Parliament, may take appropriate measures.

Export refunds may be granted to facilitate exports.

The use of inward processing arrangements may be prohibited.

Protective measures may be taken if the Community market is likely to be disturbed due to imports or exports.

Charges with equivalent effect to customs duty and quantity restrictions or equivalent measures are prohibited in trade with third countries.

Other provisions

Exceptional market-support measures may be taken if outbreaks of animal diseases occur.

Except as otherwise provided for, the Treaty rules on State aid apply to the poultrymeat sector.

The Member States and the Commission communicate to each other the information necessary for implementing the Regulation.

The Commission is assisted in implementing this Regulation by the Management Committee for Poultrymeat and Eggs (FR) consisting of representatives of the Member States and chaired by a Commission representative.

REFERENCES

ActEntry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Regulation (EEC) No 2777/751.11.1975-OJ L 282, 1.11.1975

Amending act(s)Entry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Regulation (EEC) No 369/761.5.1976-OJ L 45, 21.2.1976
Regulation (EEC) No 1475/8624.5.1986-OJ L 133, 21.5.1986
Regulation (EEC) No 3907/872.1.1988-OJ L 370, 30.12.1987
Regulation (EEC) No 1235/8914.5.1989-OJ L 128, 11.5.1989
Regulation (EEC) No 3714/921.1.1993-OJ L 378, 23.12.1992
Regulation (EEC) No 1574/931.1.1994-OJ L 152, 24.6.1993
Regulation (EC) No 3290/941.1.1995-OJ L 349, 31.12.1994
Regulation (EC) No 2916/951.1.1996-OJ L 305, 19.12.1995
Regulation (EC) No 493/200227.3.2002-OJ L 77, 20.3.2002
Regulation (EC) No 806/20035.6.2003-OJ L 122, 16.5.2003
Regulation (EC) No 1913/20052.12.2005-OJ L 307, 25.11.2005
Regulation (EC) No 679/200611.5.2006-OJ L 119, 4.5.2006

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EEC) No 2777/75 have been inserted into the basic text. This consolidated version (pdf ) is for reference purposes only.

RELATED ACTS

Animal protection and breeding standards

Council Directive 1999/74/EC laying down minimum standards for the protection of laying hens [Official Journal L 203, 3.8.1999].

Commission Directive 2002/4/EC on the registration of establishments keeping laying hens, covered by Council Directive 1999/74/EC [Official Journal L 30, 31.1.2002].
Consolidated version (pdf ).

Intra-Community trade

Council Directive 90/539/EEC on animal health conditions governing intra-Community trade in, and imports from third countries of, poultry and hatching eggs [Official Journal L 303, 31.10.1990].
See consolidated version (pdf ).

Commission Decision 2006/605/EC on certain protection measures in relation to intra-Community trade in poultry intended for restocking of wild game supplies [Official Journal L 246, 8.9.2006].

Market support

Council Regulation (EC) No 774/94 opening and providing for the administration of certain Community tariff quotas for high-quality beef, and for pigmeat, poultrymeat, wheat and meslin, and brans, sharps and other residues [Official Journal L 91, 8.4.1994].
See consolidated version (pdf ).

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1484/95 laying down detailed rules for implementing the system of additional import duties and fixing additional import duties in the poultrymeat and egg sectors and for egg albumin [Official Journal L 145, 29.6.1995].

Commission Decision 97/4/EC drawing up provisional lists of third country establishments from which the Member States authorise imports of fresh poultry meat [Official Journal L 2, 4.1.1997].
See consolidated version (pdf ).

Regulation (EC) No 1010/2006 on certain exceptional market support measures in the eggs and poultry sector in certain Member States [Official Journal L 180, 4.7.2006].
See consolidated version (pdf ).

Imports

Regulation (EC) No 533/2007 opening and providing for the administration of tariff quotas in the poultrymeat sector [Official Journal L 125, 15.5.2007].

Exports

Commission Regulation (EC) No 633/2004 laying down detailed rules for implementing the system of export licences in the poultrymeat sector [Official Journal L 100, 6.4.2004].
See consolidated version (pdf ).

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1649/2006 on the application of the lowest rate of export refund for certain products in the eggs and poultrymeat sectors [Official Journal L 309, 9.11.2006].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 420/2007 fixing the export refunds on poultrymeat [Official Journal L 102, 19.4.2007].

Standards on trade with certain countries

African, Caribbean and Pacific States (ACP)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 701/2003 laying down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 2286/2002 as regards the arrangements applicable to imports of certain poultrymeat and egg products originating in the African, Caribbean and Pacific States (ACP States) [Official Journal L 99, 17.4.2003].
See consolidated version (pdf ).

USA
Commission Regulation (EC) No 536/2007 opening and providing for the administration of a tariff quota for poultrymeat allocated to the United States of America [Official Journal L 128, 16.5.2007].

Israel
Regulation (EC) No 2497/96 laying down procedures for applying in the poultrymeat sector the arrangements provided for in the Association Agreement and the Interim Agreement between the European Community and the State of Israel [Official Journal L 338, 28.12.1996].

Other third countries

Commission Regulation (EC) No 616/2007 opening and providing for the administration of Community tariff quotas in the sector of poultrymeat originating in Brazil, Thailand and other third countries [Official Journal L 142, 5.6.2007].

Last updated: 11.03.2008

See also

For more information, please see legislation on the CMO for poultrymeat.

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