The common organisation of the market in pigmeat stabilises prices and ensures a fair level of income for farmers, while establishing a system of prices and arrangements for trade with third countries. It remains in force until 30 June 2008.
This Regulation sets out the common organisation of the market in pigmeat, comprising the Community classification of the products concerned, the price arrangements and the arrangements for trade with third countries. It also contains general provisions on exceptional market support measures and the Management Committee for Pigmeat.
As of 1 July 2008, products falling within the scope of this Regulation are governed by the common organisation of agricultural markets.
The products concerned are live animals other than pure-bred breeding pigs and pigmeat products.
Following the 2003 reform of the common agricultural policy (CAP), pig farmers may receive direct aid and payments not linked to production.
Support for industry initiatives
Support is granted for measures to encourage action designed to adapt the industry more closely to market requirements.
The basic price for pig carcases is EUR 1 509.39 per tonne.
In order to prevent a significant drop in prices, private storage aid and intervention measures make it possible for carcases, half-carcases, belly of pork and fresh or chilled pig fat to be bought in. Where the Community price weighted by a coefficient reflecting the size of the pig herd in each Member State is less than 103 % of the basic price, authorisation may be granted for the adoption of intervention measures. The buying-in price for pig carcases of a standard quality is between 78 % and 92 % of the basic price. The buying-in price for products other than pig carcases or products which are not of a standard quality is calculated on the basis of the price for pig carcases of a standard quality. Public buying-in has not been used for some 20 years.
TRADE WITH THIRD COUNTRIES
Import and export licences
Imports and exports may be subject to the issuing of an import or an export licence.
Common Customs Tariff
The rates of duty under the Common Customs Tariff apply to pigmeat products.
Where imports are liable to disturb the balance of the Community market, additional import duties may be levied.
Quotas are allocated on the basis of the applications submitted each quarter by operators.
Suspension of import duties
A sustained rise in prices on the Community market may result in the partial or total suspension of import duties.
To enable products to be exported, an export refund may be granted.
The use of inward processing arrangements may be prohibited.
Barriers to trade
Charges having an effect equivalent to customs duties and the application of quantitative restrictions or measures of equivalent effect are excluded in trade with third countries.
Safeguard measures may be taken if the Community market is likely to suffer disturbance as a result of imports or exports.
At the request of the Member State concerned, exceptional market support measures may be taken in the event of animal disease, but for no longer than is strictly necessary. Such measures may be applied on condition that the Member State concerned has taken the appropriate veterinary and health action.
Unless where the Regulation contains provisions to the contrary, the Treaty rules on state aid apply to the pigmeat sector.
The Member States and the Commission exchange information required for implementing the Regulation.
In implementing the Regulation, the Commission is assisted by a Management Committee for Pigmeat made up of representatives of the Member States and chaired by a representative of the Commission.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EEC) No 2759/75||1.11.1975||-||OJ L 282, 1.11.1975|
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EEC) No 1423/78||1.7.1978||-||OJ L 171, 28.6.1978|
|Regulation (EEC) No 2966/80||21.11.1980||-||OJ L 307, 18.11.1980|
|Regulation (EEC) No 1473/86||24.5.1986||-||OJ L 133, 21.5.1986|
|Regulation (EEC) No 3906/87||2.1.1988||-||OJ L 370, 30.12.1987|
|Regulation (EEC) No 1249/89||14.5.1989||-||OJ L 129, 11.5.1989|
|Regulation (EEC) No 3290/94||1.1.1995||-||OJ L 349, 31.12.1994|
|Regulation (EEC) No 1365/2000||2.7.2000||-||OJ L 156, 29.6.2000|
|Regulation (EC) No 1913/2005||2.12.2005||-||OJ L 307, 25.11.2005|