European Union

A Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy for the European Union

What's new

High Representative Federica Mogherini

"More than a decade after the 2003 European Security Strategy, the world has changed dramatically. And we have changed as well. For this reason I have launched a period of strategic reflection on the EU’s way ahead in the world. It will lead to an EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy.

This process gives us the opportunity to forge a stronger and more effective EU foreign policy and engage the public on debates about foreign policy. In today's world foreign policy is not just a question for experts – it affects all of us: from the food we eat and the clothes we wear to our daily security and the future prosperity of our children. This is why I believe it is important to involve all of you in our strategic reflection – to hear many voices and get different perspectives. Through this website I would like to have a broad conversation on the EU’s foreign policy interests, goals and means to achieve them. I look forward to engaging with you in the months ahead.

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

A Global Strategy for the European Union

Our global environment is changing rapidly. That is why the European Union's Heads of State and Government decided to assess the challenges and opportunities that come with these shifts. In June 2015 the European Union's High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini – presented her strategic assessment of the global context to EU leaders. They asked her to prepare an EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy to guide the European Union's global actions in the future. The Global Strategy, which will be presented to EU leaders by June 2016, will be developed in close cooperation with Member States, as well as with EU Institutions and the broader foreign policy community. Over the coming months, the High Representative will lead a broad based reflection phase on the strategic outlook for the European Union's global action to ensure that a wide range of views are taken into account.This website will present the key issues in the debate and outline the process of preparing the EU Global Strategy. It will update you on the broad outreach and consultation process, which takes place both online and offline. You will also find details on special eventscomment & analysis as well as key policy documents in the respective sections of this site. Your opinion matters to us. If you'd like to get involved, click here.

Why a new strategy?

Our world today is more connected, contested and complex. This makes our global environment more unpredictable, creating instability and ambiguity, but also leads to new opportunities. In the European Union's neighbourhood a set of concurrent and heightened crises create an arc of instability. This will have implications for the Union and the wider world for many years to come. The European Union needs to take a fresh look at this uncertain environment, in which opportunities and challenges coexist. An EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy will enable the Union to identify a clear set of objectives and priorities for now and the future. On this basis the European Union can align its tools and instruments to ensure that they have the greatest possible impact. This will help promote the European Union's interests globally, and ensure our security at home and abroad.

A more connected world

Globalisation shapes our world for good and ill. It has given rise to an unprecedented degree of global connectivity and surges in human mobility. This has an impact on issues including migration, citizenship, development and health. On-line connectivity opens opportunities for political participation and business, but also for economic and financial crime, terrorism and trafficking. Markets are increasingly connected. Greater connectivity in Europe was highlighted by the Eurozone crisis. It shows how deeply linked we are and that we need to tackle economic problems together through deeper integration.

A more contested world

Nation states are under unprecedented strain. Fragile states and ungoverned spaces are spreading. Ideology, identity and geo-political ambitions drive tensions that can lead to instability and violence. To the East, the EU’s neighbours are vulnerable through economic, political and energy supply fragilities. In North Africa and the Middle East, ungoverned spaces enable criminals and terrorists to thrive. In Europe and beyond, new narratives challenge democratic values. Demographic trends, climate change and growing inequalities also threaten more tensions, while the rapid development of new technologies is changing the nature of conflict.

A more complex world

Global power shifts and power diffusion bring an end to single power dominance. Around the world, emerging powers are rising in global rankings; different regions display different configurations of power. Globally, power is spreading beyond the nation state towards a network of state, non-state, inter-state and transnational actors. Traditional multilateralism faces a delicate challenge: emerging countries want to reform the post-World War II architecture – yet opposing existing global governance mechanisms has been easier than creating new ones.


Comment & Analysis

Key documents