Croatia borders Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia and has been an independent country since 1991. The country has a long and dramatic coastline with the Adriatic Sea, in which the country has over 1 000 islands and islets, of which just 48 are permanently inhabited.
The most important sectors of Croatia’s economy in 2015 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (21.8 %), industry (21.2 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (15.2 %).
Croatia’s main export partners are Italy, Slovenia and Germany, while its main import partners are Germany, Italy and Slovenia.
56 594 km2
4 225 316 (2015)
0.8 % (2015)
€ 43.897 billion (2015)
1 July 2013
Croatian Kuna HRK
No, Croatia is not a member of the Schengen Area.
Croatia will hold the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time in the first half of 2020.
In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Croatian government, depending on the policy area being addressed.
The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.
During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.
Dates of Croatian Presidencies:
More on the current presidency of the Council of the EU
The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".
Croatia has 9 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.
Croatia has 9 representatives on the Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.
Croatia also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As Croatia's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.
Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather to focus on the needs of all Europeans as a whole.
Breakdown of Croatia’s finances with the EU in 2015:
More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:
Find out more about how Croatia benefits from EU funding