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Candidates who are successful in a selection procedure are placed on a ‘reserve list’, from which all EU institutions can recruit directly themselves. The 'reserve list' is a database of all the successful candidates in a particular selection procedure, which is normally valid for one year (or three years for specialists). The validity of reserve lists may be prolonged according to the needs of the institutions. Being on a reserve list, however, does not guarantee recruitment.
As job opportunities arise, the institutions check the profiles of the successful candidates in order to identify those who best match their needs (for example, in terms of education, professional experience and language skills). The institutions may also choose to publish available vacancies to successful candidates of relevant selection procedures.
The institutions are assigned a quota of candidates that they can recruit from the list based on their needs - which is normally lifted three or six months (in the case of some specialists) after the publication of the reserve list, and institutions can then recruit freely. Quotas may be extended up to six months for generalist profiles and up to one year for specialists.
The institutions may contact successful candidates for interview and, depending on the outcome, make a formal job offer. For practical reasons, candidates may also undergo a medical examination before any decision is taken on appointment.
Here you can find links to the relevant recruitment pages of all EU institutions and agencies.