Political system: Republic
Capital city: Zagreb
Total area: 56 542 km²
Population: 4.4 million
Croatia became an independent state in 1991 following the break-up of the former Yugoslavia.
The Zagorje region, north of the capital Zagreb, is a land of rolling hills, while the fertile agricultural region of the Pannonian Plain is bordered by the Drava, Danube and Sava rivers in the east. Over one third of Croatia is forested.
The Croatian Parliament (the Sabor) is a single-chamber legislative body made up of between 100 and 160 members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. Croatia has an economy based mainly on light industry and services. Tourism is a notable source of income. Tourists are most familiar with Croatia for its Dalmatian coast with hundreds of islands as well as the historic cities of Dubrovnik, Split and Zadar.
Six World Heritage sites and eight national parks bear witness to Croatia’s immense cultural and natural wealth. The richness of Croatia’s culture is a result of its sometimes turbulent history, first as part of the Roman Empire and then as a frontier region on the border between the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires.
Croatian cuisine includes dishes such as grilled meat, Dalmatian smoked ham, salted pilchards, sheep's cheese and paprika-flavoured salami. Croatia produces many fine wines.
The official website of the Croatian Government offers a detailed description of the Croatian political institutions including the profiles of all members of the Government. A range of public documents can also be accessed from the site, such as the text of the Croatian constitution and the Government's political programme. The site features a database of press releases, accounts of cabinet meetings and a weekly news bulletin. A monthly newsletter is also published on the site.2. Introduction to the country
The site of the Croatian National Tourist Board provides short presentations of the cultural heritage, history, geography and gastronomy of the country. It also includes the latest weather forecasts, upcoming events and a currency converter. Multimedia tools allow users to send electronic postcards and to consult brochures and posters. An interactive map divided into regions helps visitors zoom in on areas of particular interest.