Mogħdija tan-navigazzjoni

L-ekonomija

Billi topera bħala suq uniku bi 28 pajjiż, l-UE hija forza ewlenija fil-kummerċ dinji.


Il-politika ekonomika tipprova tappoġġa l-iżvilupp billi tinvesti fit-trasport, l-enerġija u r-riċerka – filwaqt li timminimizza l-impatt ta’ żvilupp ekonomiku ieħor fuq l-ambjent.

Kejl tal-ekonomija tal-UE

L-ekonomija tal-UE — imkejla f’termini ta’ oġġetti u servizzi li tipproduċi (PGD) — issa hija ikbar minn tal-Amerika: Il-PDG tal-UE fl-2012: €12,945,402 miljun.

Kummerċ

L-UE għandha biss 7% tal-popolazzjoni dinjija, iżda l-kummerċ tagħha mal-kumplament tad-dinja jammonta għal madwar 20% tal-esportazzjonijiet u l-importazzjonijiet globali.

Madwar żewġ terzi tal-kummerċ totali tal-pajjiżi tal-UE jsir ma’ pajjiżi oħra tal-UE.

Il-kummerċ ġie milqut mir-riċessjoni globali, iżda l-UE tibqa’ l-akbar attur dinji responsabbli għal 16.4% tal-importazzjonijiet globali fl-2011. L-UE hija segwita mill-Istati Uniti bi 15.5% tal-importazzjonijiet kollha, u ċ-Ċina bi 11.9%. L-UE hija wkoll l-akbar esportatur, bi 15.4% tal-esportazzjonijiet kollha — meta mqabbla ma’ 13.4% għaċ-Ċina u 10.5% għall-Istati Uniti.

Impjieg

L-impjieg ġie wkoll milqut mill-kriżi ekonomika globali, u t-turbolenza fiż-żona tal-ewro.

Ħaddiema fl-agrikoltura

Pajjiż Ħaddiema tal-familjaĦaddiema regolari, mhux tal-familjaĦaddiema mhux tal-familja li qed jaħdmu fuq bażi mhux regolari
Ċipru92.62%5.14%2.24%
Franza51.58%40.51%7.91%
Id-Danimarka69.65%28.46%1.89%
Il-Belġju78.18%16.97%4.84%
Il-Bulgarija90.10%7.59%2.30%
Il-Finlandja85.77%10.89%3.34%
Il-Ġermanja71.67%21.4%6.93%
Il-Greċja93.46%2.06%4.47%
Il-Kroazja96.24%2.76%1.00%
Il-Latvja90.11%9.61%0.28%
Il-Litwanja91.64%7.57%0.80%
Il-Lussemburgu79.88%17.19%2.93%
Il-Pajjiżi l-Baxxi63.78%27.47%8.74%
Il-Polonja97.02%2.26%0.73%
Il-Portugall89.42%6.83%3.75%
Ir-Renju Unit72.82%22.70%4.48%
Ir-Repubblika Ċeka31.57%65.94%2.49%
Ir-Rumanija97.04%1.45%1.50%
Is-Slovakkja49.60%48.35%2.05%
Is-Slovenja96.08%1.52%2.40%
L-Awstrija91.36%7.75%0.88%
L-Estonja74.5%24.42%1.08%
L-Irlanda92.94%5.97%1.10%
L-Isvezja82.76%14.99%2.26%
L-Italja92.17%4.66%3.18%
L-Iżlanda66.34%28.55%5.12%
L-Ungerija90.45%7.79%1.76%
Malta95.09%4.69%0.22%
Spanja81.49%11.49%7.02%
Sors: L-Eurostat


Id-dejta mhijiex disponibbli għall-pajjiżi tal-UE li
ma jidhrux fuq il-menu li jinżel.

Persentaġġ ta' nies impjegati fl-industrija (barra l-kostruzzjoni) imqabbel mal-2010. (2010 = 100)

SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012100.1799.9199.6699.13
201398.7298.3198.0397.97
UE27
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012100.46100.2699.9599.48
201399.1298.8198.7098.72
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012100.51100.32100.0299.55
201399.1998.8898.7798.80
Il-Belġju
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201299.3499.2998.4998.09
201397.2096.5796.1095.63
Il-Bulgarija
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201297.3297.0696.8095.94
201394.6994.6494.0193.78
Ir-Repubblika Ċeka
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012101.85101.83101.76101.72
2013100.91100.93100.68100.88
Id-Danimarka
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201299.4198.7498.2497.63
201397.0896.7796.6796.74
Il-Ġermanja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012104.45104.84105.11105.15
2013105.29105.39105.53105.69
L-Estonja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012104.19105.01105.60106.51
2013107.35107.89108.08107.95
L-Irlanda
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201297.3395.7994.8797.88
201399.7298.9099.92100.28
Il-Greċja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201288.8587.4086.9982.76
201378.7877.90::
Spanja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201294.6193.0792.7490.81
201389.8788.1587.2787.54
Franza
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201298.4898.3098.0997.71
201397.2796.7096.3095.95
Il-Kroazja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201295.5794.4693.3191.99
201392.0891.6491.2890.70
L-Italja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012::::
2013::::
Ċipru
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201293.1091.0589.7987.87
201382.8380.6678.6978.93
Il-Latvja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012109.61111.14112.63113.28
2013113.82114.33114.90114.53
Il-Litwanja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012102.27102.46103.15104.01
2013105.03105.47106.17106.93
Il-Lussemburgu
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201298.0597.8897.1796.47
201396.1695.7895.4796.00
L-Ungerija
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012101.27101.55101.17101.07
2013101.49102.00102.42102.67
Malta
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201299.3499.0399.0898.58
201398.0897.8597.7697.56
Il-Pajjiżi l-Baxxi
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201298.7198.3998.0297.69
201397.4696.9596.6196.33
L-Awstrija
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012103.58103.83104.02103.90
2013103.99104.06103.82103.84
Il-Polonja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012101.52101.29101.07100.77
2013100.34100.19100.44100.70
Il-Portugall
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201296.7895.8895.0794.25
201393.5193.0592.8092.92
Ir-Rumanija
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012102.52103.43103.81104.34
2013104.48104.17103.89104.01
Is-Slovenja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201297.7697.3996.6997.26
201394.4694.1994.1994.36
Is-Slovakkja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012104.33104.11103.63102.10
2013102.26102.28102.51102.99
Il-Finlandja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201298.8898.8597.6697.42
201398.1198.0695.2395.18
L-Isvezja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012101.19100.78100.31100.04
201399.6298.5897.5897.66
Ir-Renju Unit
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2012100.88100.6999.4598.52
201398.4898.6099.6499.99

Id-dejta mhijiex disponibbli għall-pajjiżi tal-UE li
ma jidhrux fuq il-menu li jinżel.

Sors: L-Eurostat


Id-dejta mhijiex disponibbli għall-pajjiżi tal-UE li
ma jidhrux fuq il-menu li jinżel.

fis-servizzi mqabblin mal-2010 (2010=100)

UE28
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011101.60101.64101.57101.45
2012101.56101.68NaNNaN
Il-Bulgarija
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201197.0796.6995.6494.61
201295.1596.33NaNNaN
Il-Belġju
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011NaNNaNNaNNaN
2012NaNNaNNaNNaN
Ir-Repubblika Ċeka
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011101.21101.75101.49101.23
2012101.05100.84NaNNaN
Id-Danimarka
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011101.50101.62101.51101.71
2012102.01102.28NaNNaN
Il-Ġermanja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011104.98105.10105.42105.91
2012106.46106.67NaNNaN
L-Estonja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011107.55108.80109.21110.15
2012112.41112.40NaNNaN
L-Irlanda
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011103.79100.12102.72102.35
2012101.81101.10NaNNaN
Il-Greċja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201183.2485.5782.3779.19
201277.74NaNNaNNaN
Spanja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201197.2195.9795.1694.65
201294.3494.02NaNNaN
Franza
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011101.70101.51101.28100.92
2012100.86100.49NaNNaN
L-Italja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011NaNNaNNaNNaN
2012NaNNaNNaNNaN
Ċipru
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011100.52100.4699.6498.54
201297.5596.06NaNNaN
Il-Latvja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011113.43114.62118.81120.02
2012121.20120.99NaNNaN
Il-Litwanja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011105.81106.46107.29108.22
2012110.05110.53NaNNaN
Il-Lussemburgu
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011105.69105.97106.12107.06
2012107.27108.00NaNNaN
L-Ungerija
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201198.0897.1498.1997.82
201297.4298.38NaNNaN
Malta
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201197.7398.8099.8299.93
2012100.23100.19NaNNaN
Il-Pajjiżi l-Baxxi
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011101.48101.39101.06100.72
2012100.15NaNNaNNaN
L-Awstrija
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011104.44104.26104.04103.74
2012NaNNaNNaNNaN
Il-Polonja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011104.77104.76105.08105.20
2012105.29105.56NaNNaN
Il-Portugall
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201193.6492.1790.9589.75
201288.3188.02NaNNaN
Ir-Rumanija
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011102.53104.82106.22108.67
2012108.59109.05NaNNaN
Is-Slovenja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201199.1398.1397.5098.19
201295.6895.59NaNNaN
Is-Slovakkja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011102.44104.47105.38105.59
2012105.56105.95NaNNaN
Il-Finlandja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011101.68103.07102.97102.58
2012101.44101.17NaNNaN
L-Isvezja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011107.07107.79107.15108.70
2012109.53109.36NaNNaN
Ir-Renju Unit
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
2011103.34103.77104.00103.80
2012104.85105.82NaNNaN
Il-Kroazja
SenaQ1Q2Q3Q4
201199.3999.6299.7499.10
201299.2799.08NaNNaN

Id-dejta mhijiex disponibbli għall-pajjiżi tal-UE li
ma jidhrux fuq il-menu li jinżel.

Sors: L-Eurostat


Rata tal-qgħad

Pajjiż NisaIrġiel
Ċipru 13.8% 16.3%
Franza 10.3% 10.7%
Id-Danimarka 6.8% 6.5%
Il-Belġju 7.5% 9.4%
Il-Bulgarija 10.1% 12.3%
Il-Finlandja8.0% 9.3%
Il-Ġermanja 4.6% 5.4%
Il-Greċja 29.5% 23.1%
Il-Kroazja18.4% 14.2%
Il-Latvja 9.5% 12.1%
Il-Litwanja 9.5% 13.2%
Il-Lussemburgu 6.2% 6.0%
Il-Pajjiżi l-Baxxi 6.4% 6.6%
Il-Polonja 9.2% 8.3%
Il-Portugall 14.2% 13.0%
Ir-Renju Unit 5.6% 6.2%
Ir-Repubblika Ċeka 6.8% 4.8%
Ir-Rumanija 6.0% 7.6%
Is-Slovakkja 13.3% 12.7%
Is-Slovenja 9.9% 8.1%
L-Awstrija 4.7% 5.5%
L-Estonja 6.7% 8.6%
L-Irlanda 9.3% 12.8%
L-Isvezja8.1% 8.1%
L-Italja 13.9% 11.6%
L-Ungerija 7.8% 7.3%
Malta 5.6% 5.9%
Spanja 25.4% 22.8%
Sors: L-Eurostat

Riċerka

Ir-riċerka u l-iżvilupp (R&D) jinsabu fil-qalba tal-istrateġija tal-UE sabiex jagħmlu l-ekonomija tagħha iżjed kompetittiva. L-għan hu li jiġi investit iżjed sabiex l-infiq tal-R&D tagħha jiġi konformi ma’ dak tal-Istati Uniti u l-Ġappun.

Ebda dejta mhi disponibbli għal uħud mill-pajjiżi u/jew setturi

Infiq totali fuq R&D bħala persentaġġ tal-PGD

Pajjiż Settur tal-intrapriżi tan-negozjuSettur tal-gvernSettur tal-edukazzjoni ogħlaSettur privat bla profitt
Ċipru 0.060.070.240.06
Franza 1.440.290.470.03
Id-Danimarka 1.990.070.960.01
Il-Belġju 1.550.20.490.01
Il-Bulgarija 0.380.190.050.01
Il-Finlandja2.360.310.740.02
Il-Ġermanja 1.960.410.51:
Il-Greċja 0.240.170.280.01
Il-Kroazja0.34:0.2:
Il-Latvja 0.150.180.33:
Il-Litwanja 0.240.180.48:
Il-Lussemburgu 0.710.270.180
Il-Pajjiżi l-Baxxi 1.140.210.62:
Il-Polonja 0.330.250.310
Il-Portugall 0.680.070.50.12
Ir-Renju Unit 1.030.130.440.03
Ir-Repubblika Ċeka 0.960.330.490.01
Ir-Rumanija 0.190.20.10
Is-Slovakkja 0.340.20.280
Is-Slovenja 1.950.340.290
L-Awstrija 1.930.140.720.01
L-Estonja 1.240.20.690.02
L-Irlanda 1.140.080.36:
L-Isvezja2.220.160.890.01
L-Italja 0.680.190.350.04
L-Ungerija 0.840.180.23:
Malta 0.50.080.290
Spanja 0.670.240.350

Ebda dejta mhi disponibbli għal uħud mill-pajjiżi u/jew setturi

Sors: L-Eurostat

Trasport

L-UE għandha l-għan li tippromwovi netwerks tat-trasport effiċjenti, bla periklu, sigura u li ma jagħmlux ħsara lill-ambjent.

Il-proporzjon ta’ vjaġġi magħmulin bil-karozza żdiedet bi ftit, mill-2008 'l hawn — meta mqabbla ma’ forom oħra ta’ trasport bit-triq (bħal kowċis u karozzi tal-linja). L-UE tkompli tappoġġa l-investiment fir-ristrutturar tat-trasport ferrovjarju.

Minkejja l-kriżi ekonomika attwali, it-trasport globali bl-ajru, jidher li se jikber b’madwar 5% fis-sena sal-2030. Filwaqt li jiżdied it-traffiku, daqstant ieħor jiżdied it-tħassib dwar is-sikurezza. Il-politika tal-avjazzjoni tal-UE għandha l-għan li tagħmel l-ispazju tal-ajru Ewropew l-iktar sikur fid-dinja.

Passiġġieri stradali, tal-ferrovija, u tal-ajru


Passiġġieri stradali, tal-ferrovija, u tal-ajru

Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20007.282.99.9
20017.183.29.8
20026.883.69.6
20036.783.99.5
20046.883.89.4
20056.983.79.5
2006783.79.2
20077.183.69.3
20087.283.79.1
2009784.38.7
20107.184.28.7
20117.183.79.1
20127.483.39.2

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
2006:
2007:
2008:
2009:
2010:
2011:
2012:
UE28
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20007.282.99.9
20017.183.29.8
20026.883.79.5
20036.783.99.5
20046.883.99.4
20056.983.79.4
20067.183.79.2
20077.183.69.3
20087.283.79.1
2009784.38.7
20107.184.28.7
20117.183.79.1
20127.483.39.2

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
2006:
2007792700448
2008798330585
2009751060420
2010776851750
2011821265790
2012826463402
Il-Belġju
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20006.183.410.5
20016.28310.7
20026.382.311.4
20036.381.212.5
20046.880.512.7
20056.380.713
20066.680.213.2
20076.779.913.4
20087.280.312.5
20097.280.312.5
20107.480.312.2
20117.480.312.3
20127.180.412.4

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200619154636
200720805314
200821981645
200921314463
201022690502
201125098923
201225913625
Il-Bulgarija
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20007.860.831.4
20016.661.532
20025.461.233.4
20035.566.528.1
20045.169.825
20054.870.924.3
20064.772.622.7
20074.473.821.8
2008475.120.8
20093.779.516.8
20103.68016.4
20113.580.615.9
2012380.116.9

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
2006:
20076071210
20086417873
20095838685
20106168346
20116651562
20126819024
Ir-Repubblika Ċeka
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20008.373.118.6
20018.371.819.9
20027.573.818.7
20037.375.517.2
20047.576.616
20057.375.517.2
20067.575.217.3
20077.375.717
20087.17616.9
20096.977.116
20107.673.518.9
20117.775.317
20128.474.816.8

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200612171235
200713098141
200813429149
200912367467
201012242386
201112650532
201211742352
Id-Danimarka
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20008.779.611.7
20019.179.211.7
20029.279.111.7
20039.379.111.6
20049.379.311.4
20059.479.211.3
20069.679.211.2
20079.579.810.6
20089.779.910.5
20099.679.910.5
20109.979.410.7
20111079.610.3
201210.180.29.7

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200622965651
200724041619
200824629204
200922272961
201024330644
201125804863
201226528356
Il-Ġermanja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20007.785.27.1
20017.685.56.9
20027.186.26.7
20037.286.16.8
20047.585.86.7
20057.585.86.7
20067.885.66.6
20077.885.76.5
20088.185.66.3
20097.9866.1
20108866
20118.285.95.9
2012985.45.7

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
2006154145981
2007163843996
2008166095390
2009158150131
2010166130833
2011175316076
2012178591103
L-Estonja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20002.769.827.5
20011.970.128
20021.871.726.5
20031.773.624.7
20041.872.925.3
20051.975.722.4
200627819.9
20072.279.418.4
20082.181.416.5
2009283.115
2010283.614.4
2011284.114
20121.883.614.6

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20061533132
20071722505
20081804430
20091341294
20101381062
20111907569
20122202427
L-Irlanda
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20003.280.616.2
20013.380.616.1
20023.58115.6
20033.381.415.3
2004381.915.1
20053.382.114.6
20063.382.314.4
20073.482.314.2
20083.382.314.4
20092.882.115
20102.982.614.5
20112.982.614.6
20122.882.814.4

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200627558133
200729840020
200830018287
200926268887
201023093749
201123362889
201223594089
Il-Greċja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20002.272.825.1
20011.974.323.8
20021.975.123
20031.676.422.1
20041.677.520.9
20051.778.320
20061.679.219.2
20071.679.918.5
20081.380.817.9
20091.281.916.9
20101.181.617.3
20110.881.617.6
20120.781.617.7

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200632762340
200734785958
200834404278
200932882441
201032131780
201133291435
201231575703
Spanja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20005.48113.5
20015.580.813.7
20025.282.512.3
20035.183.111.8
2004581.713.2
20055.18212.9
20065.282.812
200758114
20085.580.314.3
20095.481.413.3
20105.482.312.3
20115.680.913.5
20125.680.713.7

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
2006150599286
2007163523010
2008161400952
2009148318298
2010153387014
2011165153230
2012159771261
Franza
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20008.686.15.3
20018.586.64.9
20028.786.45
20038.486.65
20048.786.25.1
20059.185.85.2
20069.485.35.3
20079.684.95.5
20089.385.65.2
20099.485.45.2
20109.385.55.3
20119.385.35.4
20129.585.15.4

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
2006113182776
2007120034361
2008122723531
2009117561564
2010122887263
2011131425313
2012135005802
Il-Kroazja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20005.181.413.6
20014.881.713.5
20024.582.213.3
20034.282.213.6
20044.283.812.1
20054.383.811.9
20064.483.711.8
2007582.912.1
20085.482.212.5
20095.683.610.7
20105.683.710.7
20114.984.610.5
20123.585.810.7

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
2006:
2007:
20084504278
20094334987
20104677030
20114989047
20125422530
L-Italja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20005.883.310.9
20015.883.211
20025.683.311.1
20035.583.411.1
20045.583.411.1
2005681.812.2
20066.181.512.4
2007681.612.4
2008681.712.4
20095.582.811.7
20105.682.412.1
20115.78113.3
20126.178.915

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200695914356
2007106294205
2008105216903
2009101823760
2010109064953
2011116226667
2012116029388
Ċipru
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
2000:77.722.3
2001:77.522.5
2002:77.422.6
2003:76.423.6
2004:78.821.2
2005:79.220.8
2006:79.620.4
2007:80.319.7
2008:81.218.8
2009:82.417.6
2010:81.918.1
2011:81.718.3
2012:81.318.7

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20066713880
20077004127
20087218073
20096729554
20106947632
20117190265
20127328248
Il-Latvja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20004.876.918.4
20014.879.915.3
20024.876.618.6
20034.875.719.4
20045.273.821.1
20055.473.521.1
20065.476.618
20074.979.415.7
20085.278.716.1
20094.780.215.1
20104.778.217.1
20114.976.218.9
20124.876.918.3

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20062488065
20073155771
20083687329
20094062704
20104655898
20115098360
20124754530
Il-Litwanja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20003.282.214.6
20012.882.614.6
20022.58215.4
20031.98513.1
20041.586.611.9
20051.189.49.5
20061918
20070.990.78.4
2008190.98.2
20090.9927.1
20100.791.77.6
20110.890.88.3
20120.8918.2

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20061799195
20072195959
20082552074
20091867191
20102282834
20112691991
20123166628
Il-Lussemburgu
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20005.185.59.5
20015.185.29.7
20023.985.710.5
20033.785.710.6
20043.685.610.8
20053.685.510.9
20063.985.310.8
20074.184.911.1
20084.384.211.4
20094.384.311.4
20104.583.512.1
20114.483.112.5
20124.68312.4

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20061597404
20071634465
20081713003
20091535261
20101613600
20111836761
20121893988
L-Ungerija
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20001361.925.1
200113.461.724.9
200213.961.125
200313.462.124.5
200413.463.223.4
200512.664.223.2
200611.965.622.5
20071167.621.5
200810.467.522.1
200910.269.220.7
20109.968.621.4
201110.268.321.5
201210.167.722.2

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20068245920
20078580261
20088429082
20098081067
20108174510
20118884837
20128429843
Malta
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
2000:79.620.4
2001:79.320.7
2002:79.420.6
2003:79.520.5
2004:79.620.4
2005:80.319.7
2006:80.419.6
2007:80.619.4
2008:80.819.2
2009:81.918.1
2010:81.518.5
2011:82.417.6
2012:82.517.5

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20062699870
20072971368
20083109899
20092918676
20103293548
20113506723
20123650345
Il-Pajjiżi l-Baxxi
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20009.4864.6
20019.4864.6
20029.386.44.3
20038.787.43.9
20048.487.73.9
20058.987.33.8
20069.487.23.5
20079.687.13.4
20089.287.33.5
20098.887.73.5
20109.187.23.7
20118.788.13.3
20128.888.23

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200648582547
200750500592
200850418517
200946479064
201048616387
201153895216
201255680131
L-Awstrija
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20009.879.211
20019.779.410.9
20029.779.410.9
20039.579.510.9
20049.579.611
20059.879.710.5
20061079.610.4
200710.179.210.8
200811.178.610.2
200911.179.39.6
20101178.710.3
20111178.910.1
201211.578.510

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200620824533
200722926104
200823899584
200921817267
201023532455
201125137612
201225965977
Il-Polonja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
200011.772.815.4
200110.674.714.7
20029.57713.5
20038.877.613.5
2004878.913.1
20057.380.712
20066.982.510.6
20076.883.69.6
20086.285.58.4
20095.5877.4
20105.288.46.4
20114.884.410.8
20124.884.610.7

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200613737539
200717120015
200818727132
200917046474
201018382517
201120634903
201221791428
Il-Portugall
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20004.681.713.6
20014.582.812.6
20024.384.910.9
20033.985.111
20043.885.111.1
2005489.36.7
2006489.66.3
20074.189.46.5
20084.389.26.4
20094.489.46.2
20104.489.16.5
20114.588.96.5
20124.189.36.6

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200622026797
200724324372
200825180382
200924104119
201025732352
201127578334
201228186254
Ir-Rumanija
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
200016.371.512.2
200115.172.512.4
200211.975.812.3
200311.575.712.8
200411.476.212.4
20059.975.514.6
20069.676.414
20078.677.514
20087.677.215.2
20096.58013.6
20105.981.312.9
20115.581.712.8
20124.982.212.9

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20064900134
20076908599
20088031267
20097984057
20108848949
20119687456
20129674226
Is-Slovenja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20002.982.914.3
20012.983.513.6
2002383.913.2
2003383.513.5
20042.784.912.4
20052.785.611.6
20062.785.611.7
20072.68611.4
20082.786.410.9
20092.686.710.7
20102.586.810.8
20112.386.611
20122.386.711.1

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20061327333
20071504446
20081648977
20091423391
20101382341
20111358792
20121167877
Is-Slovakkja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20007.764.427.8
20017.564.727.8
20027.266.826
20036.368.824.8
2004667.826.2
20055.969.424.8
20065.970.723.3
200767222
20086.473.320.3
20096.677.316.1
20106.777.815.5
2011777.415.6
20127.177.815.1

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
20062124447
20072232411
20082596334
20091948361
20101881844
20111808187
20121563197
Il-Finlandja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20005.183.411.5
20014.883.811.3
20024.884.111.1
20034.784.410.9
20044.784.810.6
20054.884.910.3
20064.884.910.3
2007584.910
20085.484.510.1
20095.184.910
20105.284.99.9
2011585.19.8
20125.384.99.8

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200613443365
200714464575
200814850682
200913828812
201014220636
201116374398
201216458815
L-Isvezja
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20007.583.88.6
20017.983.88.3
20027.8848.2
20037.784.38
20047.584.77.8
20057.784.67.6
20068.384.17.6
20078.783.97.4
20089.483.37.2
20099.583.47.1
20109.483.47.2
20118.884.46.8
20129.184.36.7

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
200625744721
200726967253
200827817350
200925218784
201026646764
201129732247
201230350845
Ir-Renju Unit
Passiġġieri stradali u tal-ferrovija (% bħala total tal-passiġġieri fuq l-art-km)
SenaFerrovijaKarozzaKarozzi tal-linja, kowċis
20005.3886.7
20015.388.16.6
20025.288.46.4
20035.488.26.4
20045.788.75.6
20055.988.35.8
20066.288.35.5
20076.687.95.5
20086.987.25.8
20096.987.16
20107.586.46.2
20117.986.25.9
20128.2865.8

Trasport tal-passiġġieri bl-ajru
SenaArja
2006211228518
2007217288456
2008213888122
2009198531887
2010192884537
2011201535227
2012203066646
Sors: L-Eurostat

Enerġija u ambjent

L-UE timporta iktar minn 50% tal-ħtiġijiet tal-enerġija tagħha.

Persentaġġ tal-elettriċità prodotta minn sorsi rinnovabbli tal-enerġija

Pajjiż Il-PGD per capita fil-PPS
Malta (MT)1.0
Il-Lussemburgu (LU)4.6
Ċipru (CY)4.9
L-Ungerija (HU)6.1
Il-Pajjiżi l-Baxxi (NL)10.5
Il-Polonja (PL)10.7
Ir-Renju Unit (UK)10.8
Il-Litwanja (LT)10.9
Il-Belġju (BE)11.1
Ir-Repubblika Ċeka (CZ)11.6
L-Estonja (EE)15.8
Il-Greċja (EL)16.5
Franza (FR)16.6
Il-Bulgarija (BG)17.0
L-Irlanda (IE)19.6
Is-Slovakkja (SK)20.1
(EU28)23.5
Il-Ġermanja (DE)23.6
L-Italja (IT)27.6
Il-Finlandja (FI)29.5
Is-Slovenja (SI)31.4
Spanja (ES)33.5
Ir-Rumanija (RO)33.6
Il-Kroazja (HR)35.5
Id-Danimarka (DK)38.7
Il-Latvja (LV)44.9
Il-Portugall (PT)47.6
L-Isvezja (SE)60.0
L-Awstrija (AT)65.5
Sors: L-Eurostat


Dependenza netta fuq l-importazzjonijiet tal-enerġija bħala persentaġġ tal-konsum totali

Pajjiż FaħamŻejt mhux maħdumGass naturali
Ċipru 101.0
Franza 97.9
Id-Danimarka -34.8
Il-Belġju 99.3
Il-Bulgarija 96.9
Il-Finlandja92.5
Il-Ġermanja 96.0
Il-Greċja 101.3
Il-Kroazja71.4
Il-Latvja 101.7
Il-Litwanja 93.0
Il-Lussemburgu 100.5
Il-Pajjiżi l-Baxxi 96.7
Il-Polonja 94.7
Il-Portugall 100.9
Ir-Renju Unit 36.3
Ir-Repubblika Ċeka 95.3
Ir-Rumanija 51.4
Is-Slovakkja 89.7
Is-Slovenja 105.0
L-Awstrija 91.5
L-Estonja 60.0
L-Irlanda 98.5
L-Isvezja95.4
L-Italja 90.1
L-Ungerija 80.8
Malta 100.8
Spanja 96.7
Sors: L-Eurostat

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