Portugal takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
Kreil ruling. The European Court of Justice declares that the German legislation excluding women from the armed forces, with an exception made for health services and military music bands, is against Community law on gender equality.
The Commission adopts a White Paper on safety of foodstuffs.
The opening session of the Ministerial Intergovernmental Conferences for the accession negotiations of Malta, Romania, Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania and Bulgaria, is held in Brussels, Belgium.
In view of the reform White Paper, the Commission is to issue by March, a consultative document on the action plan that will set into place such a reform is adopted.
The Fourth Ministerial Conference on EU-African, Carribbean, Pacific 5(ACP) negotiations aimed at a partnership for development is held in Brussels, Belgium. The Union and ACP countries agree on the plan of action that is to follow the hourth Lome convention coming to an end by February.
The Commission adopts a Green Paper on judiciary assistance in civil matters.
The intergovernmental conference on institutional reform opens in Brussels, Belgium.
The Commission adopts a White Paper on its reform.
The Commission adopts a Green Paper on greenhouse gas emission trading within the European Union.
A special European Council is held in Lisbon, Portugal, to decide on a new Union strategy to strengthen employment, economic reform and social cohesion as part of a knowledge-based economy.
The "Justice and Internal Affairs" Council adopts an action plan against organised crime.
An Africa-Europe summit , under the aegis of the Organisation of African Unity and the European Union, is held in Cairo, Egypt.
The Court of Auditors publishes the special report on the European Social Fund and European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (Guidance Section) - measures to assist the employment of young persons, together with the Commission's replies.
The Cooperation Council between the European Union and Russia holds a meeting.
The ninth meeting between the President of the European Parliament and the Presidents of the Parliaments of the countries applying for European Union membership is held in Ljubljana, Slovenia.
The Commission proposes to Greece to become the twelfth member of the euro-zone.
The European Institutions celebrate the 50th anniversary of the "Schuman Declaration".
The Parliament and the Council adopt a decision designating 2001 as the European Year of Languages.
The European Council meeting is held in Santa Maria da Feira, Portugal. The broad economic policy guidelines for the Member States and the Community for the year 2000 are adopted; Greece's entry into the euro is approved; a common strategy on the Mediterranean region is adopted; an action plan for the northern dimension in external and cross-border policies of the European Union is endorsed and backing is given to the European Union's anti-drugs action plan.
The Community and the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries (ACP) sign, in Cotonou, Benin, a Convention to replace those signed in Lome.
The first European Union-India summit is held in Lisbon, Portugal.
France takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
The 9th EU-Japan Summit is held in in Tokyo, Japan. Discussions are centered on the strengthening of overall Japan-EU relations, including economic and trade relations, Japan-EU co-operation in international fora, including the G8 Summit, the United Nations and ASEM, and the international situation, including the Korean Peninsula, the Middle East Peace Process and Kosovo/South-East Europe.
A G8 Summit is held in Okinawa, Japan. Participants discuss World Economy, Information and Communications Technology, Development, Debt, Health, Education, Trade, Cultural Diversity, Crime and Drugs, Ageing, Biotechnology and Food Safety, the Human Genome, Environment, Nuclear Safety, Conflict Prevention, Disarmament, Non-proliferation and Arms Control and Terrorism.
The European Commission adopts a Green Paper on environmental issues linked to polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
The Court of Auditors publishes the special report on the management by the Commission of support for the development of human rights and democracy in third countries.
The United Nations Millennium Summit is held in New York, USA. The European Commission President Romano Prodi meets Prime Minister Ehud Barak of Israel, President Seyed Mohammad Khatami of Iran and Chilean President Ricardo Lagos.
An Informal ECOFIN Council is held in Versailles, France. EU Economic and Financial Ministers discuss the current level of oil prices and call on OPEC to implement measures to ensure that market supplies are better adapted to the global economic situation.
A hearing (monetary dialogue) is held in Brussels between the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs of the European Parliament and Wim Duisenberg, President of the European Central Bank.
A EU - Ukraine Summit is held in Paris, France. Discussions revolve around recent developments in the Ukraine and in the European Union, the state of play regarding implementation of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA), co-operation in justice and home affairs and the various aspects of the Memorandum of Understanding concerning the closure of Chernobyl.
The seventh meeting of the Association Council between the European Union and Hungary and the sixth meeting of the Association Council between the European Union and the Czech Republic are held in Brussels.
The European Central Bank, taking joint action with the US Federal Reserve and the Bank of Japan, intervenes in support of the euro.
Denmark holds a referendum on the euro. The majority rejects joining the single European currency.
The third Asia-Europe Summit is held in Seoul, Korea. Discussions revolve around developments in the two regions, the fostering of political dialogue, the reinforcement of economic and financial cooperation and the promotion of cooperation in other areas and in taking the ASEM process forward.
A Special Southeast Europe Cooperation Process Summit is held in Skopje, FYROM.
A European Union-Russia summit is held in Paris, France. The discussions centre on the widening of all co-operation areas between the EU and Russia.
The Commission delivers the overall report on enlargement to the Council, consisting of progress reports assessing the candidate countries and an "accession partnership" proposal identifying the key issues Turkey must address before starting accession negotiations.
The Committee of Regions holds, in Brussels, Belgium, a Conference on enlargement, globalisation and new forms of governance.
The fourth Euro-Mediterranean conference is held in Marseilles, France.
A European Union/Balkans summit is held in Zagreb, Croatia.
The Commission adopts a Green Paper on a European strategy for the security of energy supply.
The European Commission publishes a Green Paper on a European strategy for the security of energy supply.
At the margins of the Nice European Council, the presidents of Parliament, the European Council and the Commission formally proclaim the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.
A European Council is held in Nice, France. The Council confirms that it would like to see the Charter of Fundamental Rights, jointly proclaimed by the Council of the EU, the European Parliament and the Commission, disseminated as widely as possible amongst the Union's citizens. It welcomes the stepping up of accession negotiations with the candidate countries and appreciates the efforts made by such countries to establish the conditions for adoption, implementation and practical application of the acquis; it welcomes the progress made in implementing the pre-accession strategy for Turkey. The Council also discusses the European security and defence policy, it approves the European Social Agenda, innovation and knowledge in Europe, coordination of economic policies, consumer health and safety, maritime safety, the environment, services of general interest, security of supplies of certain products, freedom, security and justice, culture, outermost regions and external relations. The Intergovernmental Conference comes to an end with a political agreement on the Treaty of Nice.