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1998

January

1

The United Kingdom takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The Cooperation agreement with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia enters into force.

February

1

The Europe Agreements with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania enter into force.

March

1

The Partnership and cooperation agreement with Ukraine and Euro-Mediterranean association agreement with Tunisia enters into force.

12

A European conference is held in London hosting the 15 Member States and the countries who formally requested access to the EU.

16

The Drachma enters the European Monetary System (EMS) exchange rate mechanism.

25

The Commission adopts the convergence report and recommends that 11 Member States adopt the euro on 1 January 1999.

30

A ministerial meeting launches the accession process for the 10 central and eastern European applicant countries and Cyprus.

April

2

Greenpeace ruling. The European Court of Justice specifies under which conditions individuals, or the associations representing them, are qualified to request the annulment of a decision taken by the Commission.

3-4

The second Europe-Asia summit is held in London, United Kingdom.

28

Kohll vs "Union des Caisses de Maladie" and Decker vs "Caisse de Maladie des Employés Privés" ruling. The European Court of Justice decrees that Community nationals may obtain medical treatment in another Member State and be reimbursed in accordance with the tariffs of the state in which they are insured.

29

The Kyoto Protocol on climate change is signed in New York, USA.

30

Peace agreement in Northern Ireland.

May

1

The framework cooperation agreement between the European Community and the members of Cartagena Agreement enters into force.

3

A special Council decides that 11 Member States satisfy conditions for adoption of the single currency on 1 January 1999. Following this decision, the Council adopts two regulations on technical specifications of euro coins and introduction of the euro, the ministers and Central Bank governors of Member States adopt the euro as their single currency. The Commission and the European Monetary Institute set out conditions for determination of the irrevocable conversion rates for the euro.

7

Germany deposits the instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam.

12

Martínez Sala vs Freistaat Bayern ruling.The European Court of Justice rules that nationals of a Member State can rely on their European citizenship for protection against discrimination on grounds of nationality by another Member State.

15

Sweden deposits the instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam.

15-17

A G8 summit is held in Birmingham, United Kingdom.

25

The Council adopts a common position on human rights, democratic principles, the rule of law and good governance in Africa.

26

Governments of the Member States adopting the single currency appoint the president, the vice-president and the other members of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank by common agreement.

June

1

Establishment of the European Central Bank. An agreement amending the fourth Lomé Convention following mid-term review, including new financial protocol and the protocol governing accession of South Africa to the convention enters into force.

8-10

A special session of the United Nations' General Assembly on drugs is held in New York.

15

The United Kingdom deposits the instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam.

15-16

A European Council is held in Cardiff, UK. The Council sets out essential elements of the European Union strategy for further economic reform to promote growth, prosperity, jobs and social inclusion. It identifies concrete ways of bringing the Union closer to the people, establishes guidelines and a timeframe for further negotiations on the Agenda 2000 and launches a long-term debate on the Union's further development.

18

The Court of Auditors publishes the special report concerning the implementation by the Commission of EU policy and action as regards water pollution.

24

Denmark deposits the instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam.

25

The United Nations' Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Access to Environmental Information, Public Participation in decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters is signed in Aarhus, Denmark.

30

Mary Brown ruling. The European Court of Justice declares that firing pregnant women throughout the duration of their pregnancy is contrary to Community law.

July

1

Austria takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The interim agreement with Mexico on trade and trade-related matters, the partnership and cooperation agreement with Moldova and the cooperation agreement with Yemen come into force.

15

Finland deposits the instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam.

21

Austria deposits the instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam.

22

The Commission adopts a White Paper on the Community approach to transport infrastructure charging communication on measures to counter counterfeiting of the euro. The Court of Auditors publishes the special report concerning the Commission departments specifically involved in the fight against fraud, notably the Unit for the Coordination of Fraud Prevention.

24

Italy deposits the instruments of ratification of the the Treaty of Amsterdam.

30

Ireland deposits the instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam.

September

4

Luxembourg deposits the instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam.

October

1

The Europol Anti-drugs Convention enters into force.

15

The Commission adopts a Green Paper on combating counterfeiting and piracy in the single market.

24-25

Informal meeting of heads of state or government in Pörtschach, Austria.

November

4

The Commission adopts the reports assessing progress of countries applying for accession.

10

Ministerial-level accession conferences with Cyprus, Poland, Estonia, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovenia.

11-13

The fourth conference of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

16

The Court of Auditors publishes the special report on the assessment of Structural Fund interventions for the 1989-93 and 1994-99 periods.

December

9

The Commission adopts a Green Paper on policy concerning frequencies. The Court of Auditors publishes the special report concerning the Community financing of certain measures taken as a result of the BSE crisis, together with the Commission's replies.

11-12

A European Council meeting is held in Vienna, Austria. The Council adopts the employment guidelines for 1999, decides to strengthen the process of convergence of employment policies with a view to a European employment pact, lays down arrangements for external representation of the euro, approves an action plan for the establishment of an area of freedom, security and justice and agrees on a strategy for Union work in 1999.

16

The Court of Auditors publishes the special report concerning the management by the Commission of the implementation of measures to promote equal opportunities for men and women, together with the Commission's replies.

31

The Netherlands deposits the instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Amsterdam. The Council adopts fixed and irrevocable conversion rates between the national currencies of the 11 participating Member States and the euro.

 See also

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