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1995

January

1

France takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
Austria, Finland and Sweden become members of the European Union.

23

Following the Parliament's vote of approval on 18 January, the representatives of the governments of the Member States appoint the President and Members of the European Commission for a five-year term.

25

The Commission adopts the second part of the Green Paper on the liberalisation of telecommunications infrastructure and cable television networks.

February

23

Bordessa ruling. The European Court of Justice decrees that citizens may export banknotes, coins and cheques without previous authorisation.

25-26

The G7 Ministerial Conference on Information Society is held in Brussels. On this occasion "Europa", the European Union web site, is launched.

March

8

The Court of Auditors publishes a special report on the cohesion financial instrument.

14

The Council and the Parliament sign the Socrates Programme in the field of education.

20-21

The Stability Pact for Central and Eastern Europe is signed and adopted in Paris.

26

The Schengen Agreement comes into force between Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain.

April

4

The Commission adopts a Green Paper on the role of the Union in the field of tourism.

9

Liechtenstein ratifies its accession in the European Economic Area by referendum.

10

The Council adopts a report on the functioning of the Treaty on the European Union in preparation for the 1996 Intergovernmental Conference.

21

The Committee of the Regions adopts an own-initiative opinion on preparations for the 1996 Intergovernmental Conference.

28

Austria signs the Schengen agreement.

May

1

Liechtenstein joins the European Economic Area.

3

The Commission approves the Info 2000 programme to stimulate the development of a European multimedia content industry in the emerging information society.

3-10

The Commission adopts a White Paper on preparing the associated countries of Central and Eastern Europe for integration into the European Union internal Market.

11

The Treaty on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons is extended for an unlimited period (joint action under common foreign and security policy).

31

The Commission adopts a Green Paper on the practical arrangements for the introduction of the single currency.

June

12

European Association Agreements are signed with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

15

The 21st G7 summit is held in Halifax, Canada.

22

Romania applies to join the European Union.

27

Slovakia applies to join the European Union.

26-27

A European Council is held in Cannes, France. An overall agreement on external financing including financing arrangements for the eight European Development Fund (EDF) for Africa, Caribbean Pacific (ACP) States is reached. The transition to a single currency by 1 January 1999 is confirmed.

July

1

Spain takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.

12

The European Parliament appoints Jacob Söderman, a Finn, as Ombudsman of the European Union.

17

An interim agreement with Russia, an Euro-Mediterranean agreement with Tunisia and a cooperation agreement with Vietnam are signed.

19

The Commission adopts a Green Paper on copyright and related rights in information society and on "utility models" (legal protection of intellectual property).

26

The Member States sign the Europol Convention for police cooperation.

September

13

The fourth world conference on Women opens in Beijing, China.

25

The Member States adopt a list of non-member countries whose nationals must be in possession of a visa to enter the European Union.

October

13

Latvia formally applies to join the European Union.

17

Kalanke ruling. The European Court of Justice considers that a measure guaranteeing automatic priority to women in promotions is beyond the equality of treatment between women and men principle and is thus discriminatory based on gender.

November

7

A new Euratom-US agreement on the peaceful use of nuclear energy is signed.

20

A Cooperation Agreement is signed with Nepal. The Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreement is signed with Israel.

24

Estonia formally applies to join the European Union.

27-28

The Euro-Mediterranean Conference is held in Barcelona.

29

The Commission adopts a Green Paper on citizens' network (urban transport) and a White Paper on education and training.

December

8

Lithuania formally applies to join the European Union.

13

The Commission adopts a White Paper on energy policy for the European Union.

14

The Dayton peace agreement for Former Yugoslavia is signed in Paris. Bulgaria formally applies to join the European Union.

15

Bosman ruling. The European Court of Justice decrees that football federation rules restricting the number of foreign players in football teams and those relative to players' transfers are contrary to Community law.

15-16

A European Council is held in Madrid, Spain. It sets March 29, 1996 as the starting date for the Intergovernmental Conference and confirms the introduction of the single currency ("euro") for January 1st, 1999.

20-21

The European Commission and the World Bank organise a meeting in Brussels of donor countries and organisations for the reconstruction of Bosnia-Herzegovina.

 See also

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