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1991

January

1

Luxembourg takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Communities.

March

18

Opening of the 7th ministerial conference between the Community and its Member States and Central American Countries plus the cooperating countries Panamá, Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela, in Managua, Nicaragua. The conference is centered on political dialogue and economic cooperation (San José VII).

April

8

The European Council holds an informal meeting in Luxembourg, to examine problems in the Middle-East deriving from the Gulf crisis. It decides on urgent humanitarian aid to be granted to Kurdish and other refugees.

14

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development is inaugurated in London, United Kingdom.

June

4

The Council of Health Ministers adopts an action plan on "Europe against AIDS".

19

The opening of the first session of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) Council is held in Berlin, Germany.

28-29

A European Council is held in Luxembourg. It confirms the need to conduct the two intergovernmental conferences centered on economic and monetary union and on the aspects of political union, in parallel on the basis of the draft Treaty prepared by the Presidency.

July

1

The Netherlands take over the Presidency of the Council of the European Communities. Sweden formally applies to join the European Communities.

15-17

The seventeenth Occidental Economic Summit is held in London, United Kingdom. Participants agree to hold annual meetings with the Soviet Union and define a support plan for it. They also agree on opening their markets to products and services from Eastern European countries and they commit to successfully end the Uruguay Round negotiations.

22

The Council provides financial aid for Israel and the Palestinian population of the Occupied Territories.

25

Stoeckel ruling. The European Court of Justice decrees that the dispositions of the French labour legislation forbidding women to work during the night in the industry sector is contrary to the equality of treatment between women and men with regard to access to employment.

August

22

Failed coup in the Soviet Union.

September

1

The fourth Lomé Convention, on the development of the relations between the Community and the Africa, Caribbean, Pacific (ACP) States, enters into force.

7

The opening of the Peace Conference on Yugoslavia is held in The Hague, The Netherlands.

October

21

The Council reaches an agreement on the establishment of the European Economic Area (EEA).

30-14/11

The Middle East Peace Conference opens in Madrid, Spain. The Community is entrusted the leading role in the forthcoming multilateral negotiations.

November

6

The Commission decides to set up a European Humanitarian Aid Office.

7

The Council agrees on reducing the debt of African, Caribbean, Pacific (ACP) states.

19

Francovich ruling. The European Court of Justice affirms that a Member State injuring a private individual by violating Community law must pay compensation.

26

The Community accedes to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) becoming the first organisation for economic integration to enjoy full membership of a United Nations specialised agency.

December

9-10

A European Council is held in Maastricht, The Netherlands. It reaches an agreement on the draft Treaty on the European Union.

16

"Europe Agreements" are signed with Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia.

17

The European Energy Charter is signed.

21

The presidents of the Republics of the Soviet Union, except Georgia, sign an agreement creating the Independent States Community (ISC) in Alma Ata, Kazakhstan.

25

Mr Gorbatchev, President of the Soviet Union, resigns.

 See also

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