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1990

January

1

Ireland takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Communities.

9

Mr Aldo Angioi is elected president of the Court of Auditors.

February

21

The Commission meets for the 1000th time.

March

7

GB-Inno-BM ruling. The European Court of Justice declares that a national legislation refusing access to any advertisement that is legally available in the country of purchase, is contrary to the "freedom of movement of goods" principle.

April

2

The European Community and Argentina sign a framework agreement on commercial and economic cooperation.

28

A special European Council is held in Dublin, Ireland. It agrees on a common approach on German unification and on the Community relations with Central and Eastern European countries.

May

7

The European Council settles the creation of the European Training Foundation and adopts a regulation relative to the creation of the European Environment Agency.

9

40th anniversary of the Schuman declaration.

22

The European Court of Justice rules that the European Parliament can be referred to the Court of Justice by other institutions and that other institutions can be referred to the Court of Justice by the European Parliament if they call into question institutional equilibrium. These principles will later be inserted in the Maastricht Treaty.

29

The Agreement establishing the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to provide financial support to Central and Eastern Europe countries is signed in Paris, France.

June

6

The European Commission presents a Green Paper on urban environment.

19

The Schengen Agreement on the elimination of border checks is signed by the Benelux countries, France and Germany.

20

The EEC and EFTA start formal negotiations for the creation of the European Economic Area (EEA).

25-26

A European Council is held in Dublin, Ireland. It confirms the need to open two intergovernmental conferences, one on economic and monetary union and the other on the aspects of political union, and to hold them in parallel.

July

1

Italy takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Communities. The first phase of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) comes into force. Four Member States (Spain, Portugal, Greece and Ireland) are granted an exceptional regime given their insufficient progress towards financial integration.

3

Cyprus formally applies to join the European Communities.

16

Malta formally applies to join the European Communities.

October

3

Germany is unified, and the Länder of the former East Germany become part of the EU.

27-28

A special European Council is held in Rome, Italy. It finalises the preparation of the two intergovernmental conferences on economic and monetary union and on the aspects of political union.

November

19-21

A meeting is held in Paris, France. Thirty-four heads of state or government of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) sign a charter for a new Europe.

27

Italy signs the Schengen agreement.

December

2

Legislative elections are held in the Federal Republic of Germany.

4

The European Council adopts the transitory measures agreed upon within the framework of German reunification.

12

Legislative elections are held in Denmark.

14-15

A European Council is held in Rome, Italy. The two intergovernmental conferences on economic and monetary union and on political union are launched.

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