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1970

January

1

Belgium takes over the presidency of the Council of the European Communities.

March

4

The Commission submits a memorandum to the Council on the preparation of a plan for the establishment of economic and monetary union.

6

The Council assigns a committee of experts presided by Pierre Werner, to make proposals for achieving economic and monetary union and assigns a second committee of experts, presided by Etienne Davignon, to issue proposals for political cooperation.

10

Mr Mario Scelba is re-elected president of the European Parliament.

April

22

Signature of the Treaty of Luxembourg. The Council decides the gradual introduction of a system of own-resources under which the Community will receive all customs duties on products imported from non-member countries, all levies on agricultural imports and resources deriving from value-added tax. They also decide to extend the budgetary powers of the European Parliament.

May

13

A commemorative setting is held to mark the twentieth anniversary of the Schuman declaration.

June

30

Negotiations with four prospective Member States (Denmark, Ireland, Norway and the United Kingdom) open in Luxembourg.

July

1

Germany takes over the presidency of the Council of the European Communities.

2

The new Commission takes office with Franco Maria Malfatti as its president.

October

8

The Council issues a final report on the establishment of economic and monetary union.

26

The Council reaches an agreement on the principles and procedures for implementing Community action in the regional policy field.

27

The Member States approve the Davignon report on political cooperation. The objective is to get Europe to speak with a single voice on all major international problems.

November

26

The Council decides to reform the European Social Fund (ESF) in order to provide the Community with a suitable instrument for ensuring correlation between social policy and the other common policies.

December

17

Internationale Handelsgesellschaft ruling. The European Court of Justice clarifies the idea of fundamental rights in Community law. It declares that protection of those rights, although inspired by the constitutional traditions common to the Member States, must be secured within the framework of the Community's structure and objectives.

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