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1954

May

11

Alcide de Gasperi is elected president of the European Parliamentary Assembly.

August

20-23

Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands meet in Brussels, Belgium. The French statesman Pierre Mendès France does not succeed in his request to attenuate the supranational character of the European Defence Community (EDC).

30

The French National Assembly rejects the European Defence Community Treaty.

October

23

Following the London Conference, agreements on a modified Brussels Treaty are signed in Paris, and the Western European Union (WEU) is created.

November

10

Jean Monnet, president of the ECSC High Authority, resigns after the EDC failure.

December

21

The European Court of Justice renders its first ruling.

 See also