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1953

January

1

The ECSC levy, the first European tax, comes into force.

February

10

The common market for coal and iron ore is put into place. Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands remove custom duties and quantitative restrictions on these raw materials.

March

7

The procedural regulation of the European Court of Justice is published in the Official Journal of the ECSC. As of today appeals foreseen by the Paris Treaty can be placed to the Court.

9

Paul-Henri Spaak, president of the ad hoc assembly created on September 10, 1952, hands a draft treaty instituting a political European community to G. Bidault, president of the ECSC Council. Such a community would aim at safeguarding human rights and fundamental rights, guaranteeing the security of Member States against aggression, ensuring the co-ordination of Member countries' external policy and at progressively establishing a common market. Five institutions are foreseen in the draft Treaty: a European Executive Council, a two-chamber Parliament, a Council of National Ministers, a Court of Justice and an Economic and Social Committee.

15

The common market for scrap iron is put into place.

August

12

The ECSC and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) sign a cooperation agreement.

 See also