Fostered by Winston Churchill, the United Europe Movement is created. It is hostile to supranational organs and in favour of intergovernmental cooperation.
René Courtin creates the French Council for a United Europe that will later be absorbed by the European Movement (1953). Fostered by Christian Democrats, the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales, which later known as the European Union of Christian Democrats (1965), is created.
The Socialist United States of Europe Movement is created. In 1961 it will be renamed European Left.
The Marshall Plan, set up for the economic revival of Europe, is announced.
The European Union Federalists Congress is held in Montreux, Switzerland.
Federalist and Unionist organisations meet within the International Coordination of Movements for the Unification of Europe Committee.