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On the road to EU membership

The EU will continue to grow as an increasing number of countries express interest in membership. These countries can be divided into candidate countries and potential candidate countries. The former are in the process of 'transposing' (or integrating) EU legislation into national law, while potential candidate countries do not yet fulfill the requirements for EU membership.

Candidate countries

Iceland

Capital city: Reykjavik

Total area: 103 000 km²

Population: 0.3 million

Currency: Icelandic króna (kr)

Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1996

Read more about Iceland

Montenegro

Capital city: Podgorica

Total area: 14 026 km²

Population: 0.6 million

Currency: euro (€)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Montenegro

Serbia

Capital city: Belgrade

Total area: 77 474 km²

Population: 7.4 million

Currency: Serbian dinar (РСД)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Serbia

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Capital city: Skopje

Political system: Republic

Total area: 25 433 km²

Population: 2.05 million

Currency: denar

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Turkey

Capital city: Ankara

Total area: 780 580 km²

Population: 71.5 million

Currency: Turkish lira (TRY)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Turkey

Potential candidates

Albania

Capital city: Tirana

Total area: 28 748 km²

Population: 3.6 million

Currency: lek (L)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Albania

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Capital city: Sarajevo

Total area: 51 209 km²

Population: 4.6 million

Currency: Bosnian convertible mark (KM)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Bosnia and Herzegovina

Kosovo*

Capital city: Pristina

Total area: 10 887 km²

Population: 1.7 million

Currency: euro (€)

Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

Read more about Kosovo*
* This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/99 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence


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