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Slovenia

Situated in southern Central Europe, Slovenia borders Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Croatia to the south and southeast, and Hungary to the northeast. The north of the country is dominated by the Alps, while in the southwest, the Karst Plateau is a region filled with limestone caves and gorges. Slovenia has a coastline of 46,6 km by the Adriatic Sea between Italy and Croatia.

The most important sectors of Slovenia’s economy in 2012 were industry (25.2 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (20.4 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (17.8 %).

Slovenia’s main export and import partners are Germany, Italy and Austria.

Capital: Ljubljana

Geographical size: 20 273 km2

Population: 2 055 496 (2012)

Population as % of total EU population: 0.4 % (2012)

GDP: € 35.319 billion (2012)

Official EU language(s): Slovenian

Political system: parliamentary republic

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Seats in the European Parliament: 8

Currency: Eurozone member since 1 January 2007

Passport-free travel? Yes, Schengen Area member since 21 December 2007

Presidency of the Council:  Slovenia has held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU once in 2008.

Slovenia in the EU

European Parliament

There are 8 members of the European Parliament from Slovenia. Find out who these MEPs are.

European Parliament office in Slovenia slovenščina

Council of the EU

In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Slovenian government, depending on the policy area being addressed.

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.

During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.

Dates of Slovenian presidencies:

Jan-Jun 2008

More on the current presidency of the Council of the EU.

European Commission

The Commissioner nominated by Slovenia to the European Commission is Violeta Bulc, who is responsible for Transport.

The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".

Commission representation in Slovenia

European Economic & Social Committee

Slovenia has 7 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.

Committee of the Regions

Slovenia has 7 representatives on the Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.

Permanent representation to the EU

Slovenia also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As Slovenia's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.

Budgets and Funding

How much does Slovenia contribute and receive?

Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather to focus on the needs of all Europeans as a whole.

Breakdown of Slovenia’s finances with the EU in 2012:

  • Total EU spending in Slovenia – € 932 million
  • Total EU spending as % of Slovenian GNI – 2.66 %
  • Total Slovenian contribution to the EU budget – € 333.5 million
  • Slovenian contribution to the EU budget as % of its GNI – 0.95 %

More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:

EU-funded projects in Slovenia

The money paid into the EU budget by Slovenia helps fund programmes and projects in all EU countries - like building roads, subsidising researchers and protecting the environment.

Find out more about how Slovenia benefits from EU funding.

Practical information