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Luxembourg

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a landlocked country in northern Europe surrounded by Belgium to the west, France to the south and Germany to the east. Per capita, it is the richest country in the EU as well as being one of its smallest. It is largely made up of rolling hills and forests. 

The most important sectors of Luxembourg’s economy in 2012 were the financial and insurance activities (24.7%), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (17.8%) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (15.7%).

Luxembourg’s main export and import partners are Belgium, Germany and France.

Capital: Luxembourg

Geographical size: 2586 km2

Population: 524 853 (2012)

Population as % of total EU population: 0.1 % (2012)

GDP: € 42.918 billion (2012)

Official EU language(s): French, German

Political system: parliamentary constitutional monarchy

EU member country since: 25 March 1957

Seats in the European Parliament: 6

CurrencyEurozone member since 1 January 1999

Passport-free travel? Yes, Schengen Area member since 14 June 1985

Presidency of the Council:  Luxembourg held the revolving presidency of the Council of the EU 11 times between 1960 and 2005.  The next time will be in 2015.

Luxembourg in the EU

European Parliament

There are 6 members of the European Parliament from Luxembourg. Find out who these MEPs are.

European Parliament office in Luxembourg français 

Council of the EU

In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Luxembourg government, depending on the policy area being addressed.

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.

During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.

Dates of Luxembourg presidencies:

Jan-Jun 1960 | Jan-Jun 1963 | Jan-Jun 1966 | Jan-Jun 1969 | Jan-Jun 1972 | Jan-Jun 1976 | Jul-Dec 1980 | Jul-Dec 1985 | Jan-Jun 1991 | Jul-Dec 1997 | Jan-Jun 2005 | Jul-Dec 2015

More on the current presidency of the Council of the EU.

European Commission

The President of the European Commission is Jean-Claude Juncker, from Luxembourg.

The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".
Commission representation in Luxembourg

European Economic & Social Committee

Luxembourg has 6 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.

Committee of the Regions

Luxembourg has 6 representatives on the Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.

Permanent representation to the EU

Luxembourg also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As Luxembourg's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.

Budgets and Funding

How much does Luxembourg contribute and receive?

Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather to focus on the needs of all Europeans as a whole.

Breakdown of Luxembourg’s finances with the EU in 2012:

  • Total EU spending in Luxembourg – € 1.53 billion
  • Total EU spending as % of Luxembourg GNI – 4.76 %
  • Total Luxembourg contribution to the EU budget – € 264.7 million
  • Luxembourg contribution to the EU budget as % of its GNI – 0.82 %

More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:

EU-funded projects in Luxembourg

The money paid into the EU budget by Luxembourg helps fund programmes and projects in all EU countries - like building roads, subsidising researchers and protecting the environment.

Find out more about how Luxembourg benefits from EU funding.

Practical information